- (in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
- the ablative case.
- a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”
- (in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
- the ablative case
- a word or speech element in the ablative case
- taking away or removingablative surgery
- able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperaturea thick layer of ablative material
mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus “(case) of removal,” expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus “taken away,” past participle of auferre “carrying away,” from ab- “away” (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) “to carry, to bear” (see infer).