ablative









ablative


adjective

  1. (in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.

noun

  1. the ablative case.
  2. a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”

adjective

  1. capable of or susceptible to ablation; tending to ablate: the ablative nose cone of a rocket.

adjective

  1. (in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb

noun

    1. the ablative case
    2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
  1. taking away or removingablative surgery
  2. able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperaturea thick layer of ablative material
n.

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus “(case) of removal,” expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus “taken away,” past participle of auferre “carrying away,” from ab- “away” (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) “to carry, to bear” (see infer).

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