According to the Federal Statistical Office, 424 people died in accidents on German motorways in 2018. According to this, unmatched speed was jointly responsible for 196 and 46 percent of the freeway fatalities. On sections withoutInappropriate speed was the cause of an accident in 45 percent of the fatalities (135 out of 301 fatalities), in sections of the road with speed limits in 50 percent of the fatalities (61 out of 123 fatalities).
In total, 71 percent of fatalities died on highways on lines without speed limits. However, according to the Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt), the share of routes without speed limits in the entire motorway network is 70 percent, which puts the high proportion of fatalities on routes without speed limit into perspective.
A lack of distance also plays a role
"Not adjusted speed" means not only exceeding the speed limit, but also an inappropriately high speed in poor road, traffic, visibility and weather conditions. According to road traffic regulations, the speed must be adjusted to these external factors, regardless of the applicable maximum speed. Often, in the event of an accident, the drivers not only did not adjust their pace, they also drove too close. Insufficient gaps between the cars are also one of the main causes of accidents.
In traffic accident statistics, the Federal Office can record up to two general causes for each accident and up to three personal causes per party, all of which can contribute to an accident.