- the measurement of the size and proportions of the human body.
- the comparative study of sizes and proportions of the human body
- The branch of anthropology concerned with comparative measurements of the human body and its parts.
- The study of human body measurement for use in anthropological classification and comparison. The use of such data as skull dimensions and body proportions in the attempt to classify human beings into racial, ethnic, and national groups has been largely discredited, but anthropometric techniques are still used in physical anthropology and paleoanthropology, especially to study evolutionary change in fossil hominid remains.