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  1. an ancient city of Assyria, E of the Tigris, on the site of modern Erbil: headquarters of Darius III before his defeat by Alexander the Great at Gaugamela 331 b.c.


  1. an ancient city in Assyria, near which the Battle of Arbela took place (331 bc), in which Alexander the Great defeated the PersiansModern name: Erbil
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