- the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
- the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art collectively, as paintings, sculptures, or drawings: a museum of art; an art collection.See also , .
- a field, genre, or category of art: Dance is an art.
- the art and architecture. collectively, often excluding architecture:
- any field using the skills or techniques of art: advertising art; industrial art.
- a branch of learning or university study, especially one of the She was adept at the arts of music and painting; I’ve always felt an affinity towards the visual arts, though I studied art of philosophy. or , as music, philosophy, or literature:
- (used with a singular verb)a college of arts and sciences. , as distinguished from the sciences and technical fields:
- (used with a plural verb)Faculty of Arts. :
- skill in conducting any human activity: a master at the art of conversation; From my mother, I learned the art of perfectly cooked pasta.
- the principles or methods governing any craft or branch of learning: the art of baking; the art of selling.
- the craft, trade, or profession using these principles or methods.
See also .
- skilled workmanship, execution, or agency, as distinguished from nature.
- trickery; cunning: glib and devious art.
- studied action; artificiality in behavior.
- an artifice or artful device: the innumerable arts and wiles of politics.
- (in printed matter) illustrative or decorative material: Is there any art with the copy for this story?
- Archaic. science, learning, or scholarship.
- art up, to improve the aesthetic quality of (something) through some form of art: This dress is so plain, it could use some arting up. I had an interior designer art up my apartment.
- 2nd person singular present indicative of .
- a male given name, form of .
- article: often used to represent the class of determiners, including words such as this, that, and some as well as the articles a, an, and the.
verb (used without object), present singular 1st person am, 2nd are or (Archaic) art, 3rd is, present plural are; past singular 1st person was, 2nd were or (Archaic) wast or wert, 3rd was, past plural were; present subjunctive be; past subjunctive singular 1st person were, 2nd were or (Archaic) wert, 3rd were; past subjunctive plural were; past participle been; present participle be·ing.
- to exist or live: Shakespeare’s “To be or not to be” is the ultimate question.
- to take place; happen; occur: The wedding was last week.
- to occupy a place or position: The book is on the table.
- to continue or remain as before: Let things be.
- to belong; attend; befall: May good fortune be with you.
- (used as a copula to connect the subject with its predicate adjective, or predicate nominative, in order to describe, identify, or amplify the subject): Martha is tall. John is president. This is she.
- (used as a copula to introduce or form interrogative or imperative sentences): Is that right? Be quiet! Don’t be facetious.
auxiliary verb, present singular 1st person am, 2nd are or (Archaic) art, 3rd is, present plural are; past singular 1st person was, 2nd were or (Archaic) wast or wert, 3rd was, past plural were; present subjunctive be; past subjunctive singular 1st person were, 2nd were or (Archaic) wert, 3rd were; past subjunctive plural were; past participle been; present participle be·ing.
- (used with the present participle of another verb to form the progressive tense): I am waiting.
- (used with the present participle or infinitive of the principal verb to indicate future action): She is visiting there next week. He is to see me today.
- (used with the past participle of another verb to form the passive voice): The date was fixed. It must be done.
- (used in archaic or literary constructions with some intransitive verbs to form the perfect tense): He is come. Agamemnon to the wars is gone.
- plural arts. article; articles.
- variant of braggart.:
- (James) ArthurArt, born 1957, U.S. football player.
- The·lo·ni·ous [thuh–loh-nee-uh s] /θəˈloʊ ni əs/(Sphere),1917–1982, U.S. jazz pianist and composer.
- George. .
- ArthurArt, born 1942, U.S. singer.
- the creation of works of beauty or other special significance
- (as modifier)an art movement
- the exercise of human skill (as distinguished from nature)
- imaginative skill as applied to representations of the natural world or figments of the imagination
- the products of man’s creative activities; works of art collectively, esp of the visual arts, sometimes also music, drama, dance, and literature
- (as modifier)an art gallery See also ,
- excellence or aesthetic merit of conception or execution as exemplified by such works
- any branch of the visual arts, esp painting
- (modifier) intended to be artistic or decorativeart needlework
- any field using the techniques of art to display artistic qualitiesadvertising art
- (as modifier)an art film
- journalism photographs or other illustrations in a newspaper, etc
- method, facility, or knackthe art of threading a needle; the art of writing letters
- the system of rules or principles governing a particular human activitythe art of government
- artfulness; cunning
- get something down to a fine art to become highly proficient at something through practice
- archaic (used with the pronoun thou) a singular form of the present tense (indicative mood) of
- assisted reproductive technology
suffix forming nouns
- a variant of
the chemical symbol for
- bill of exchange
- (in the US) Board of Education
- Bachelor of Education
- Bachelor of Engineering
- a male member of a religious community bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedienceRelated adjective: monastic
- (sometimes capital) a fancy pigeon having a bald pate and often large feathered feet
- Thelonious (Sphere) (θəˈləʊnɪəs). 1920–82, US jazz pianist and composer
- a variant spelling of (George)
verb present singular 1st person am; 2nd person are; 3rd person is; present plural are; past singular 1st person was; 2nd person were; 3rd person was; past plural were; present participle being or past participle been (intr)
- to have presence in the realm of perceived reality; exist; liveI think, therefore I am; not all that is can be understood
- (used in the perfect or past perfect tenses only) to pay a visit; gohave you been to Spain?
- to take place; occurmy birthday was last Thursday
- (copula) used as a linking verb between the subject of a sentence and its noun or adjective complement or complementing phrase. In this case be expresses the relationship of either essential or incidental equivalence or identity (John is a man; John is a musician) or specifies an essential or incidental attribute (honey is sweet; Susan is angry). It is also used with an adverbial complement to indicate a relationship of location in space or time (Bill is at the office; the dance is on Saturday)
- (takes a present participle) forms the progressive present tensethe man is running
- (takes a past participle) forms the passive voice of all transitive verbs and (archaically) certain intransitive onesa good film is being shown on television tonight; I am done
- (takes an infinitive) expresses intention, expectation, supposition, or obligationthe president is to arrive at 9.30; you are not to leave before I say so
- (takes a past participle) forms the perfect or past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs of motion, such as go or comethe last train is gone
- be that as it may the facts concerning (something) are of no importance
the internet domain name for
early 13c., “skill as a result of learning or practice,” from Old French art (10c.), from Latin artem (nominative ars) “work of art; practical skill; a business, craft,” from PIE *ar-ti- (cf. Sanskrit rtih “manner, mode;” Greek arti “just,” artios “complete, suitable,” artizein “to prepare;” Latin artus “joint;” Armenian arnam “make;” German art “manner, mode”), from root *ar- “fit together, join” (see (n.1)).
In Middle English usually with a sense of “skill in scholarship and learning” (c.1300), especially in the seven sciences, or liberal arts. This sense remains in Bachelor of Arts, etc. Meaning “human workmanship” (as opposed to nature) is from late 14c. Sense of “cunning and trickery” first attested c.1600. Meaning “skill in creative arts” is first recorded 1610s; especially of painting, sculpture, etc., from 1660s. Broader sense of the word remains in .
Fine arts, “those which appeal to the mind and the imagination” first recorded 1767. Expression art for art’s sake (1824) translates French l’art pour l’art. First record of art critic is from 1847. Arts and crafts “decorative design and handcraft” first attested in the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, founded in London, 1888.
Supreme art is a traditional statement of certain heroic and religious truths, passed on from age to age, modified by individual genius, but never abandoned. The revolt of individualism came because the tradition had become degraded, or rather because a spurious copy had been accepted in its stead. [William Butler Yeats]
second person present indicative of eart. Also see (v.).; Old English
“produced with conscious artistry,” as opposed to popular or folk, 1890, from (n.), possibly from influence of German kunstlied “art song” (cf. art film, 1960; art rock, 1968).
Old English munuc “monk” (used also of women), from Proto-Germanic *muniko- (cf. Old Frisian munek, Middle Dutch monic, Old High German munih, Ger. Mönch), an early borrowing from Vulgar Latin *monicus (source of French moine, Spanish monje, Italian monaco), from Late Latin monachus “monk,” originally “religious hermit,” from Ecclesiastical Greek monakhos “monk,” noun use of a classical Greek adjective meaning “solitary,” from monos “alone” (see ). For substitution of -o- for -u-, see .
In England, before the Reformation, the term was not applied to the members of the mendicant orders, who were always called friars. From the 16th c. to the 19th c., however, it was usual to speak of the friars as a class of monks. In recent times the distinction between the terms has been carefully observed by well-informed writers. In French and Ger. the equivalent of monk is applied equally to ‘monks’ and ‘friars.’ [OED]
Old English beon, beom, bion “be, exist, come to be, become, happen,” from Proto-Germanic *biju- “I am, I will be.” This “b-root” is from PIE root *bheue- “to be, exist, grow, come into being,” and in addition to the words in English it yielded German present first and second person singular (bin, bist, from Old High German bim “I am,” bist “thou art”), Latin perfective tenses of esse (fui “I was,” etc.), Old Church Slavonic byti “be,” Greek phu- “become,” Old Irish bi’u “I am,” Lithuanian bu’ti “to be,” Russian byt’ “to be,” etc. It also is behind Sanskrit bhavah “becoming,” bhavati “becomes, happens,” bhumih “earth, world.”
The modern verb to be in its entirety represents the merger of two once-distinct verbs, the “b-root” represented by be and the am/was verb, which was itself a conglomerate. Roger Lass (“Old English”) describes the verb as “a collection of semantically related paradigm fragments,” while Weekley calls it “an accidental conglomeration from the different Old English dial[ect]s.” It is the most irregular verb in Modern English and the most common. Collective in all Germanic languages, it has eight different forms in Modern English:
BE (infinitive, subjunctive, imperative)
AM (present 1st person singular)
ARE (present 2nd person singular and all plural)
IS (present 3rd person singular)
WAS (past 1st and 3rd persons singular)
WERE (past 2nd person singular, all plural; subjunctive)
BEING (progressive & present participle; gerund)
BEEN (perfect participle).
The paradigm in Old English was:
|1st pres.||ic eom
|2nd pres.||þu eart
|3rd pres.||he is
|1st pret.||ic wæs||we wæron|
|2nd pret.||þu wære||ge waeron|
|3rd pret.||heo wæs||hie wæron|
|1st pret. subj.||ic wære||we wæren|
|2nd pret. subj.||þu wære||ge wæren|
|3rd pret. subj.||Egcferð wære||hie wæren|
The “b-root” had no past tense in Old English, but often served as future tense of am/was. In 13c. it took the place of the infinitive, participle and imperative forms of am/was. Later its plural forms (we beth, ye ben, they be) became standard in Middle English and it made inroads into the singular (I be, thou beest, he beth), but forms of are claimed this turf in the 1500s and replaced be in the plural. For the origin and evolution of the am/was branches of this tangle, see and .
That but this blow Might be the be all, and the end all. [“Macbeth” I.vii.5]
- The symbol for the elementberyllium
- The symbol for beryllium.
see fine art; state of the art.
In addition to the idioms beginning with be
- be a credit to
- be along
- be big on
- be bound to
- be busted
- bed and board
- bed and breakfast
- bed of roses
- be down
- bee in one’s bonnet
- been around
- been had
- been there, done that
- been to the wars
- beginning of the end, the
- begin to see daylight
- begin to see the light
- begin with
- beg off
- beg the question
- beg to differ
- be had
- be in on
- be into
- bell the cat, who will
- be my guest
- bend one’s elbow
- bend over backwards
- bend someone’s ear
- be off
- be on
- be oneself
- be on to
- beside oneself
- beside the point
- be that as it may
- be the death of
- be the end of one
- be the making of
- let be