- Longimanus, died 424 b.c., king of Persia 464–24.
- Mnemon, died 359? b.c., king of Persia 404?–359?.
- died 425 bc, king of Persia (465–425): son of Xerxes I
- died ?358 bc, king of Persia (?404–?358). He defeated his brother Cyrus the Younger at Cunaxa (401)
Persian masc. proper name, in classical history, a son of Xerxes II, also a son of Darius, from Greek Artaxerxes (explained by Herodotus as “Great Warrior”), from Old Persian Artaxšaca, literally “having a kingdom of justice,” from arta- “justice” + xšaca “kingdom.”