autarky or au·tar·chy [aw-tahr-kee] WORD ORIGIN noun, plural au·tar·kies. the condition of self-sufficiency, especially economic, as applied to a nation. a national policy of economic independence.
Origin of autarky 1610–20; Greek autárkeia, equivalent to aut-+ arke- suffice + -ia Related formsau·tar·kic, au·tar·ki·cal, adjectiveau·tar·ki·cal·ly, adverbau·tar·kist, noun Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019 British Dictionary definitions for autarky autarky noun plural -kies (esp of a political unit) a system or policy of economic self-sufficiency aimed at removing the need for imports an economically self-sufficient country Derived Formsautarkic, adjectiveautarkist, nounWord Origin for autarky C17: from Greek autarkeia, from autarkēs self-sufficient, from auto- + arkein to suffice Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Word Origin and History for autarky n.
1610s, “self-sufficiency,” from Greek autarkeia “sufficiency in oneself, independence,” from autarkes “self-sufficient, having enough, independent of others” (also used of countries), from autos “self” (see) + arkein “to ward off, keep off,” also “to be strong enough, sufficient,” from PIE root *ark- “to hold, contain, guard” (see ). From a different Greek source than , and thus the spelling. As a term in international economics, prominent late 1930s. Related: Autarkic.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper