verb (used with object), bap·tized, bap·tiz·ing.

  1. to immerse in water or sprinkle or pour water on in the Christian rite of baptism: They baptized the new baby.
  2. to cleanse spiritually; initiate or dedicate by purifying.
  3. to give a name to at baptism; christen.

verb (used without object), bap·tized, bap·tiz·ing.

  1. to administer baptism.


  1. Christianity to immerse (a person) in water or sprinkle water on (a person) as part of the rite of baptism
  2. (tr) to give a name to; christen
  3. (tr) to cleanse; purify

c.1300, from Old French batisier (11c.), from Latin baptizare, from Greek baptizein “to immerse, to dip in water,” also used figuratively, e.g. “to be over one’s head” (in debt, etc.), “to be soaked (in wine);” in Greek Christian usage, “baptize;” from baptein “to dip, steep, dye, color,” from PIE root *gwabh- “to dip, sink.” Christian baptism originally consisted in full immersion. Related: Baptized; baptizing.

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