bessemer process

noun Metallurgy.

  1. a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron.


  1. (formerly) a process for producing steel by blowing air through molten pig iron at about 1250°C in a Bessemer converter: silicon, manganese, and phosphorus impurities are removed and the carbon content is controlled
  2. a similar process for removing sulphur and iron from copper matte

  1. A method for making steel by forcing compressed air through molten iron to burn out carbon and other impurities.

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