- capable of or made for performing calculations, especially arithmetical calculations: a calculating machine.
- shrewd; cautious: a wise and calculating lawyer.
- selfishly scheming: a cold and calculating dictator.
verb (used with object), cal·cu·lat·ed, cal·cu·lat·ing.
- to determine or ascertain by mathematical methods; compute: to calculate the velocity of light.
- to determine by reasoning, common sense, or practical experience; estimate; evaluate; gauge.
- to make suitable or fit for a purpose; adapt (usually used passively and with an infinitive): His remarks were calculated to inspire our confidence.
- Chiefly Northern U.S.
- to think; guess.
- to intend; plan.
verb (used without object), cal·cu·lat·ed, cal·cu·lat·ing.
- to make a computation or form an estimate.
- to count or rely (usually followed by on or upon): They calculated on good weather.
- selfishly scheming
- shrewd; cautious
- to solve (one or more problems) by a mathematical procedure; compute
- (tr; may take a clause as object) to determine beforehand by judgment, reasoning, etc; estimate
- (tr; usually passive) to design specifically; aimthe car was calculated to appeal to women
- (intr; foll by on or upon) to depend; rely
- (tr; may take a clause as object) US dialect
- to suppose; think
- to intend (to do something)
1710, “carrying out calculations,” present participle adjective from calculate. Meaning “shrewdly or selfishly seeking advantage” is attested from c.1810.
1560s, “to compute, to estimate by mathematical means,” from Latin calculatus, past participle of calculare “to reckon, compute,” from calculus (see calculus). Meaning “to plan, devise” is from 1650s. Replaced earlier calculen (mid-14c.), from Old French calculer. Related: Calculable.