calque









calque


noun

  1. a loan translation, especially one resulting from bilingual interference in which the internal structure of a borrowed word or phrase is maintained but its morphemes are replaced by those of the native language, as German halbinsel for peninsula.
  2. loanshift.

verb (used with object), calqued, cal·quing.

  1. to form (a word or phrase) through the process of loan translation.

noun

  1. another word for loan translation

verb calques, calquing or calqued

  1. (tr) another word for calk 3
n.

“loan translation of a foreign word or phrase,” from French calque, literally “a copy,” from calquer “to trace by rubbing” (itself borrowed in English 1660s as calk), introduced 16c. from Italian calcare, from Latin calcare “to tread, to press down.”

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