verb (used with object), cap·i·tal·ized, cap·i·tal·iz·ing.

  1. to write or print in capital letters letters or with an initial capital letter.
  2. to authorize a certain amount of stocks and bonds in the corporate charter of: to capitalize a corporation.
  3. to issue stock as a dividend, thereby capitalizing retained earnings, or as settlement of an unpaid arrearage of preferred dividends.
  4. Accounting. to set up (expenditures) as business assets in the books of account instead of treating as expense.
  5. to supply with capital.
  6. to estimate the value of (a stock or an enterprise).

verb (used without object), cap·i·tal·ized, cap·i·tal·iz·ing.

  1. to take advantage of; turn something to one’s advantage (often followed by on): to capitalize on one’s opportunities.

verb (mainly tr)

  1. (intr foll by on) to take advantage (of); profit (by)
  2. to write or print (text) in capital letters or with the first letter of (a word or words) in capital letters
  3. to convert (debt or retained earnings) into capital stock
  4. to authorize (a business enterprise) to issue a specified amount of capital stock
  5. to provide with capital
  6. accounting to treat (expenditures) as assets
    1. to estimate the present value of (a periodical income)
    2. to compute the present value of (a business) from actual or potential earnings

“write or print in capital letters,” 1764, from capital (n.1) + -ize. Meaning “to convert (assets) to capital” is recorded from 1868. Related: Capitalized; capitalizing.

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