- a salt or ester of carbonic acid.
verb (used with object), car·bon·at·ed, car·bon·at·ing.
- to form into a carbonate.
- to charge or impregnate with carbon dioxide: carbonated drinks.
- to make sprightly; enliven.
noun (ˈkɑːbəˌneɪt, -nɪt)
- a salt or ester of carbonic acid. Carbonate salts contain the divalent ion CO 3 2–
- to form or turn into a carbonate
- (tr) to treat with carbon dioxide or carbonic acid, as in the manufacture of soft drinks
1805, “to form into a carbonate,” from carbonate (n.) by influence of French carbonater “transform into a carbonate.” Meaning “to impregnate with carbonic acid gas (i.e. carbon dioxide)” is from 1850s. Related: Carbonated; carbonating.
1794, from French carbonate “salt of carbonic acid” (Lavoisier), from Modern Latin carbonatem “a carbonated (substance),” from Latin carbo (see carbon).
- A salt or ester of carbonic acid.
- A salt or ester of carbonic acid, containing the group CO3. The reaction of carbonic acid with a metal results in a salt (such as sodium carbonate), and the reaction of carbonic acid with an organic compound results in an ester (such as diethyl carbonate).
- Any other compound containing the group CO3. Carbonates include minerals such as calcite and aragonite.
- Sediment or a sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of organic or inorganic carbon from an aqueous solution of carbonates of calcium, magnesium, or iron. Limestone is a carbonate rock.
- To add carbon dioxide to a substance, such as a beverage.