- moving or directed outward from the center (opposed to centripetal).
- pertaining to or operated by centrifugal force: a centrifugal pump.
- Physiology. efferent.
- acting, moving, or tending to move away from a centreCompare centripetal
- of, concerned with, or operated by centrifugal forcecentrifugal pump
- botany (esp of certain inflorescences) developing outwards from a centre
- physiol another word for efferent
- any device that uses centrifugal force for its action
- the rotating perforated drum in a centrifuge
1690s, with adjectival suffix -al (1) + Modern Latin centrifugus, 1687, coined by Sir Isaac Newton (who wrote in Latin) in “Principia” (which is written in Latin), from Latin centri- alternative comb. form of centrum “center” (see center (n.)) + fugere “to flee” (see fugitive). Centrifugal force is Newton’s vis centrifuga.
- Moving or directed away from a center or axis.
- Transmitting nerve impulses away from the central nervous system; efferent.
- Moving or directed away from a center or axis, usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis.
- Operated in the manner of a centrifuge.
- Transmitting nerve impulses away from the brain or spinal cord; efferent.
- Developing or progressing outward from a center or axis, as in the growth of plant structures. For example, in a centrifugal inflorescence such as a cyme, the flowers in the center or tip open first while those on the edge open last. Compare centripetal.