- a city in and a union territory of India, in the N part: joint capital of Punjab and Haryana states.
- a former province in NW British India: now divided between India and Pakistan.
- a state in NW India. 47,456 sq. mi. (122,911 sq. km). Capital: Chandigarh.
- a province in NE Pakistan. 19,445 sq. mi. (50,362 sq. km). Capital: Lahore.
- a city and Union Territory of N India, joint capital of the Punjab and Haryana: modern city planned in the 1950s by Le Corbusier. Pop: 808 796 (2001), of city; 900 414 (2001), of union territory. Area (of union territory): 114 sq km (44 sq miles)
- (formerly) a province in NW British India: divided between India and Pakistan in 1947
- a state of NW India: reorganized in 1966 as a Punjabi-speaking state, a large part forming the new state of Haryana; mainly agricultural. Capital: Chandigarh. Pop: 24 289 296 (2001). Area: 50 255 sq km (19 403 sq miles)
- a province of W Pakistan: created in 1947. Capital: Lahore. Pop: 82 710 000 (2003 est). Area: 205 344 sq km (127 595 sq miles)
region on the Indian subcontinent, from Hindi Panjab, from Persian panj “five” (from PIE *penkwo-; see five) + ab “water.” So called for its five rivers. Related: Punjabi.