- Jean Bap·tiste É·tienne Au·guste [zhahn ba-teest ey-tyen oh-gyst] /ʒɑ̃ baˈtist eɪˈtyɛn oʊˈgüst/, 1867–1936, French explorer.
- his fatherJean Mar·tin [zhahn mar-tan] /ʒɑ̃ marˈtɛ̃/, 1825–93, French neuropathologist.
- Jean Martin (ʒɑ̃ martɛ̃). 1825–93, French neurologist, noted for his attempt using hypnotism to find an organic cause for hysteria, which influenced Freud
- French neurologist. A teacher of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Binet, he is known for his investigations of nervous diseases, his work on hysteria, and his studies of hypnotism.