chronic [kron-ik] SynonymsExamplesWord Origin adjective

  1. constant; habitual; inveterate: a chronic liar.
  2. continuing a long time or recurring frequently: a chronic state of civil war.
  3. having long had a disease, habit, weakness, or the like: a chronic invalid.
  4. (of a disease) having long duration (opposed to acute).


  1. Slang. cronic.

Also chron·i·cal. Origin of chronic 1595–1605; Latin chronicus Greek chronikós, equivalent to chrón(os) time + -ikos -ic Related formschron·i·cal·ly, adverbchro·nic·i·ty [kro-nis-i-tee] /krɒˈnɪs ɪ ti/, nounnon·chron·ic, adjectivenon·chron·i·cal, adjectivenon·chron·i·cal·ly, adverbsub·chron·ic, adjectivesub·chron·i·cal, adjectivesub·chron·i·cal·ly, adverbun·chron·ic, adjectiveun·chron·i·cal·ly, adverbCan be confusedacute chronicSynonyms for chronic 1. confirmed, hardened. Examples from the Web for chronical Historical Examples of chronical

  • I have oft known the acute and chronical diseases of afflicted ones relieved by prayer without any natural means.

    A Christian Directory (Part 2 of 4)

    Richard Baxter

  • A vitiated digestion I believe always terminates, if not cured, in the production of some chronical disorder.

    The Works of William Cowper

    William Cowper

  • And scarce any one chronical distemper whatever, but has some degree of this evil faithfully attending it.

    Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and by Experience in All Ages

    William Andrus Alcott

  • It raged mostly among children and youths, and was wont to affect them with a long and, as it were, a chronical sickness.

    A History of Epidemics in Britain, Volume II (of 2)

    Charles Creighton

  • We often wish that some gallant, useful man, who is dying of a chronical disease, might yet live longer.

    Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship and Travels, Vol. I (of 2)

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  • British Dictionary definitions for chronical chronic adjective

    1. continuing for a long time; constantly recurring
    2. (of a disease) developing slowly, or of long durationCompare acute (def. 7)
    3. inveterate; habituala chronic smoker
    4. informal
      1. very badthe play was chronic
      2. very serioushe left her in a chronic condition

    Derived Formschronically, adverbchronicity (krɒˈnɪsɪtɪ), nounWord Origin for chronic C15: from Latin chronicus relating to time, from Greek khronikos, from khronos time Word Origin and History for chronical chronic adj.

    early 15c., of diseases, “lasting a long time,” from Middle French chronique, from Latin chronicus, from Greek khronikos “of time, concerning time,” from khronos “time” (see chrono-). Vague disapproving sense (from 17c.) is from association with diseases and later addictions.

    chronical in Medicine chronic [krŏn′ĭk] adj.

    1. Of long duration. Used of a disease of slow progress and long continuance.

    chronical in Science chronic [krŏn′ĭk]

    1. Relating to an illness or medical condition that is characterized by long duration or frequent recurrence. Diabetes and hypertension are chronic diseases. Compare acute.

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