Due to the corona pandemic, the German economy is deeply in crisis, the federal government and local authorities face billions of holes in tax revenue. On Tuesday, a coalition summit is to take measures to boost the economy again. But the demands of the coalition partners CDU and SPD, the municipalities and business associations are still very far apart. The overview.
Purchase bonuses for cars
Aid to the automotive industry is one of the. While the CDU-led Ministry of Economy apparently wants, the SPD rejects premiums for cars with internal combustion engines. "I do not think that any form of support for the sale of burners is the right way to go," party leader Norbert Walter-Borjans told Reuters on Sunday evening.
Walter-Borjans wants a car purchase premiumapply. "Where the state steps in, it must also involve switching to new drives." The SPD leader also opposed the demands of his party friend and Lower Saxony Prime Minister Stephan Weil. The latter had proposed a leasing model that would also support modern combustion engines if the buyer undertakes to switch to an electric car within two years. The Federal Ministry of Economics is planning to purchase premiums for electric cars as well as for diesel and petrol engines with a volume of five billion euros.
The SPD wanted a broad, effective job security for employees in the industry, said Walter-Borjans. His party had "calculated very well what could be a responsible use of the state". The industry has "made huge profits for many years, still pays dividends and takes billions in fines".
The Ifo Institute considers scrapping premiums to be a flash in the pan: they boosted car sales at short notice, but in the medium term hardly any vehicles would be sold. This is the result of an Ifo overview study for which the institute evaluated 15 data-based studies on scrapping premiums in Germany, Spain, the USA and other countries.
"In the financial and economic crisis of 2008/2009, the scrappage premiums stimulated car sales at least for a short time, which is certainly proven," said study leader Felix Rösel in Dresden. "However, the hangover followed the party." Almost all studies showed that many consumers at the time simply chose car purchases that were planned anyway due to the premium. "The bottom line is that most studies give no indication that the premiums sell more cars."
The. There is opposition in the Union, but there are also prominent supporters of the plan: NRW Prime Minister Laschet, for example, had even asked for a € 600 bonus per child.
Child benefit is to be independent of income, according to the Social Democrats' plans. "In families in which a parent is currently on short-time work or who have had to reduce their working hours during the crisis, money is now scarce," said SPD chairwoman Serpil Midyatli of the German press agency in Berlin. "That is why we want to enforce a child bonus of at least 300 euros per child." This should not count towards social benefits.
Promotion of the municipalities
While the SPD wants to relieve the particularly affected municipalities of their old debts and compensate for the trade tax income, the CDU rejects the assumption of debt. On the other hand, it proposes to relieve the burden on municipalities by the federal government assuming a larger share of the housing costs of Hartz IV recipients. According to a paper by Vice-Group leader Andreas Jung and the head of the CDU local government association, Christian Haase, the federal states are to waive the federal government's share of trade taxes this year and next year, and assume 90 percent of the costs in the municipal investment program. The countries should shoulder the rest.
North Rhine-Westphalia's Prime Minister Armin Laschet (CDU). He emphasized in the WDR: "The economic stimulus package should now help in the crisis, and it won't work without efficient municipalities." They would have to be relieved of social costs such as housing the unemployed, but also of investments. "The municipalities are hit twice: on the one hand, trade tax revenues break down, and on the other hand the unemployment figures rise," said Laschet.
Cultural industry, gastronomy, event management
The SPD wants to expand the existing emergency aid for certain industries. "The industries that are now hardest hit by the standstill and can hardly make up for this loss later must be helped," said Walter-Borjans. "This applies to many companies in the cultural sector, showmen, restaurants, event management and trade fair construction." When regulating the existing emergency aid, it was a matter of "deciding whether we could adjust the amount and duration of the conditions for individual sectors". Merkel already had around the beginning of Mayannounced.
Volume of the stimulus package
Walter-Borjans anticipates a volume of the economic stimulus package of less than 100 billion euros. A second supplementary budget would be necessary for this. "If we now put together a large-volume package again, I cannot imagine that you can do it without taking additional money into your hands," said the SPD leader. "And you can't take additional money into your hands without having a supplementary budget."
The German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (DIHK) presented a five-point plan before the coalition summit. On the one hand, liquidity problems of companies would have to be bridged, on the other hand, Germany as a business location would have to be strengthened: "It is important not to get bogged down in individual measures," says the paper that is available to the German Press Agency.
Help for companies from the Gastronomy, tourism and the event area: "These companies are currently about existence," wrote the DIHK in its paper.
It goes on to say that Taxation of losses must be improved significantly. In addition, investment incentives for companies should be set and investment funds in public budgets increased.
Need it leaner procedures, for example through fewer planning stages and "compressed" public procedures and environmental assessments. This has long been required by the economy so that the expansion of transmission or electricity masts and wind turbines can progress.
Federal, state and local authorities would also have to Digitization of your administration push with full force.
The paper also requires that the Electricity costs are falling, about a lower renewable energy levy. This threatens to rise significantly in the coming year. Budgetary funds should also be used to finance the green electricity levy paid by electricity customers – taxpayers' money. In order to lower electricity prices, at least ten billion euros are necessary.
Also the Working group for medium-sized companies demands relief in taxes and requirements in a key point paper. "Under no circumstances should there be additional burdens on companies, for example through the introduction of a capital levy," warns the AG, in which the SME association ZGV is represented, the German Hotel and Restaurant Association (Dehoga), the German Chamber of Industry and Commerce (DIHK), the Central Association of German Crafts (ZDH) and the Federal Association of German Volksbanks and Raiffeisenbanks (BVR).
Cross-sector stimulus is needed to avoid distortion of competition. Overloading public budgets must also be avoided. In its six-page paper, the AG argues for "lean planning and approval procedures" and better tax depreciation options for assets. The solidarity surcharge had to be dropped completely in the short term.
The income from the new CO2 pricing would have to be used to reduce the EEG surcharge, according to the AG Mittelstand. In addition, the Working Hours Act had to be made more flexible.