- the part of the inner surface of the hand that extends from the wrist to the bases of the fingers.
- the corresponding part of the forefoot of an animal.
- the part of a glove covering this part of the hand.
- Also called sailmaker’s palm. a stiff rawhide or metal shield worn over this part of the hand by sailmakers to serve as a thimble.
- a linear measure of from 3 to 4 inches (7.5 to 10 cm), based on the breadth of the hand.
- a linear measure of from 7 to 10 inches (17.5 to 25 cm), based on the length of the hand.
- the flat, expanded part of the horn or antler of a deer.
- a flat, widened part at the end of an armlike projection.
- the blade of an oar.
- the inner face of an anchor fluke.
- (loosely) an anchor fluke.
- a flat-topped bearing member at the head of a stanchion.
verb (used with object)
- to conceal in the palm, as in cheating at cards or dice or in juggling.
- to pick up stealthily.
- to hold in the hand.
- to impose (something) fraudulently (usually followed by on or upon): to palm stolen jewels on someone.
- to touch or stroke with the palm or hand.
- to shake hands with.
- Basketball. to grip (the ball) momentarily with the hand in the act of dribbling.
- palm off, to dispose of by deception, trickery, or fraud; substitute (something) with intent to deceive: Someone had palmed off a forgery on the museum officials.
- grease someone’s palm, to bribe: Before any work could begin, it was necessary to grease the superintendent’s palm.Also cross someone’s palm.
- a structure consisting essentially of an upright and a transverse piece, used to execute persons in ancient times.
- any object, figure, or mark resembling a cross, as two intersecting lines.
- a mark resembling a cross, usually an X, made instead of a signature by a person unable to write.
- the Cross, the cross upon which Jesus died.
- a figure of the Cross as a Christian emblem, badge, etc.
- the Cross as the symbol of Christianity.
- a small cross with a human figure attached to it, as a representation of Jesus crucified; crucifix.
- a sign made with the right hand by tracing the figure of a cross in the air or by touching the foreheard, chest, and shoulders, as an act of devotion.
- a structure or monument in the form of a cross, set up for prayer, as a memorial, etc.
- any of various conventional representations or modifications of the Christian emblem used symbolically or for ornament, as in heraldry or art: a Latin cross; a Maltese cross.
- the crucifixion of Jesus as the culmination of His redemptive mission.
- any suffering endured for Jesus’ sake.
- the teaching of redemption gained by Jesus’ death.
- the Christian religion, or those who accept it; Christianity; Christendom.
- an opposition; thwarting; frustration.
- any misfortune; trouble.
- a crossing of animals or plants; a mixing of breeds.
- an animal, plant, breed, etc., produced by crossing; crossbreed.
- a person or thing that is intermediate in character between two others.
- Boxing. a punch thrown across and over the lead of an opponent.
- Older Slang. a contest the result of which is dishonestly arranged beforehand: Many of the onlookers, especially some who had bet heavily on Taylor, complained loudly that the fight was a “damnable cross.”
- a crossing.
- a place of crossing.
- Plumbing. a four-way joint or connection.
- Theater. an actor’s movement from one area of a stage to another.
- Also called cross-trade. Stock Exchange. an arrangement for the simultaneous sale and purchase of a block of stock handled by a single broker.
- Machinery. spider(def 6b).
- (initial capital letter) Astronomy. Southern Cross.
verb (used with object)
- to move, pass, or extend from one side to the other side of (a street, river, etc.).
- to put or draw (a line, lines, etc.) across.
- to cancel by marking with a cross or with a line or lines (often followed by off or out).
- to mark with a cross.
- to lie or pass across; intersect.
- to meet and pass.
- to transport across something.
- to assist or guide (a person) across a street or intersection: The guard crossed the child at the traffic light.
- to place in the form of a cross or crosswise.
- Biology. to cause (members of different genera, species, breeds, varieties, or the like) to interbreed.
- to oppose openly; thwart; frustrate.
- Slang. to betray; double-cross.
- to make the sign of a cross upon or over, as in devotion: to cross oneself.
- Nautical. to set (a yard) in proper position on a mast.
- Obsolete. to confront in a hostile manner.
verb (used without object)
- to lie or be athwart; intersect.
- to move, pass, or extend from one side or place to another: Cross at the intersection.
- to meet and pass.
- to interbreed.
- Theater. to move from one side of the stage to the other, especially by passing downstage of another actor.
adjective, cross·er, cross·est.
- angry and annoyed; ill-humored; snappish: Don’t be cross with me.
- lying or passing crosswise or across each other; athwart; transverse: cross timbers.
- involving a reciprocal action, interchange, or the like: a cross-endorsement of political candidates; cross-marketing of related services.
- contrary; opposite: They were at cross purposes with each other.
- adverse; unfavorable.
- crossbred; hybrid.
- cross over,
- Biology.(of a chromosome segment) to undergo crossing over.
- to switch allegiance, as from one political party to another.
- to change successfully from one field of endeavor, genre, etc., to another: to cross over from jazz to rock.
- to die; pass away.
Also cross over to the other side.
- cross up,
- to change arrangements made with; deceive: He crossed me up after we had agreed to tell the police the same story.
- to confuse: I was supposed to meet him at the station, but got crossed up.
- bear one’s cross, to accept trials or troubles patiently.
- cross one’s heart. heart(def 24).
- cross one’s mind. mind(def 37).
- cross one’s path. path(def 7).
- cross someone’s palm (with silver), to give money to, especially in payment for a service: I shall tell your fortune, but you must first cross my palm with silver.
- cross the line, line1(def 68).
- on the cross, Older Slang. in a dishonest manner; illegally: Her elegant clothes and those two splendid rings had been acquired on the cross.
- take the cross, to make the vows of a crusader.
noun the Cross
- the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified
- the Crucifixion of Jesus
- Richard Assheton, 1st Viscount. 1823–1914, British Conservative statesman, home secretary (1874–80); noted for reforms affecting housing, public health, and the employment of women and children in factories
- the inner part of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingersRelated adjectives: thenar, volar
- a corresponding part in animals, esp apes and monkeys
- a linear measure based on the breadth or length of a hand, equal to three to four inches or seven to ten inches respectively
- the part of a glove that covers the palm
- a hard leather shield worn by sailmakers to protect the palm of the hand
- the side of the blade of an oar that faces away from the direction of a boat’s movement during a stroke
- the face of the fluke of an anchor
- a flattened or expanded part of the antlers of certain deer
- in the palm of one’s hand at one’s mercy or command
- to conceal in or about the hand, as in sleight-of-hand tricks
- to touch or soothe with the palm of the hand
- any treelike plant of the tropical and subtropical monocotyledonous family Arecaceae (formerly Palmae or Palmaceae), usually having a straight unbranched trunk crowned with large pinnate or palmate leaves
- a leaf or branch of any of these trees, a symbol of victory, success, etc
- merit or victory
- an emblem or insignia representing a leaf or branch worn on certain military decorations
- a structure or symbol consisting essentially of two intersecting lines or pieces at right angles to one another
- a wooden structure used as a means of execution, consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece to which people were nailed or tied
- a representation of the Cross used as an emblem of Christianity or as a reminder of Christ’s death
- any mark or shape consisting of two intersecting lines, esp such a symbol (×) used as a signature, point of intersection, error mark, etc
- a sign representing the Cross made either by tracing a figure in the air or by touching the forehead, breast, and either shoulder in turn
- any conventional variation of the Christian symbol, used emblematically, decoratively, or heraldically, such as a Maltese, tau, or Greek cross
- heraldry any of several charges in which one line crosses or joins another at right angles
- a cruciform emblem awarded to indicate membership of an order or as a decoration for distinguished service
- (sometimes capital) Christianity or Christendom, esp as contrasted with non-Christian religionsCross and Crescent
- the place in a town or village where a cross has been set up
- a pipe fitting, in the form of a cross, for connecting four pipes
- the process of crossing; hybridization
- an individual produced as a result of this process
- a mixture of two qualities or typeshe’s a cross between a dictator and a saint
- an opposition, hindrance, or misfortune; affliction (esp in the phrase bear one’s cross)
- slang a match or game in which the outcome has been rigged
- slang a fraud or swindle
- boxing a straight punch delivered from the side, esp with the right hand
- football the act or an instance of kicking or passing the ball from a wing to the middle of the field
- on the cross
- (sometimes foll by over) to move or go across (something); traverse or intersectwe crossed the road
- to meet and passthe two trains crossed
- (of each of two letters in the post) to be dispatched before receipt of the other
- (tr; usually foll by out, off, or through) to cancel with a cross or with lines; delete
- (tr) to place or put in a form resembling a crossto cross one’s legs
- (tr) to mark with a cross or crosses
- (tr) British to draw two parallel lines across the face of (a cheque) and so make it payable only into a bank account
- to trace the form of the Cross, usually with the thumb or index finger upon (someone or something) in token of blessing
- to make the sign of the Cross upon (oneself)
- (intr) (of telephone lines) to interfere with each other so that three or perhaps four callers are connected together at one time
- to cause fertilization between (plants or animals of different breeds, races, varieties, etc)
- (tr) to oppose the wishes or plans of; thwarthis opponent crosses him at every turn
- football to kick or pass (the ball) from a wing to the middle of the field
- (tr) nautical to set (the yard of a square sail) athwartships
- cross a bridge when one comes to it to deal with matters, problems, etc, as they arise; not to anticipate difficulties
- cross one’s fingers to fold one finger across another in the hope of bringing good luckkeep your fingers crossed
- cross one’s heart to promise or pledge, esp by making the sign of a cross over one’s heart
- cross one’s mind to occur to one briefly or suddenly
- cross someone’s palm to give someone money
- cross someone’s path to meet or thwart someone
- cross swords to argue or fight
- angry; ill-humoured; vexed
- lying or placed across; transversea cross timber
- involving interchange; reciprocal
- contrary or unfavourable
- another word for crossbred (def. 1)
- a Brit slang word for dishonest
“ill-tempered,” 1630s, probably from 16c. sense of “contrary, athwart,” especially with reference to winds and sailing ships, from cross (n.). Cross-purposes “contradictory intentions” is from 1660s.
“flat of the hand,” c.1300, from Old French palme (Modern French paume), from Latin palma “palm of the hand,” also “flat end of an oar; palm tree,” from PIE *pel- “to spread out; flat” (cf. Greek palame “open hand,” Old Irish lam, Welsh llaw, Old English folm, Old High German folma “hand,” Sanskrit panih “hand, hoof”). Palm oil is earlier in the punning sense of “bribe” (1620s) than in the literal sense of “oil from the fruit of the West African palm” (1705, from palm (n.2)).
tropical tree, Old English palma, Old French palme, both from Latin palma “palm tree,” originally “palm of the hand;” the tree so called from the shape of its leaves, like fingers of a hand (see palm (n.1)).
The word traveled early to northern Europe, where the tree does not grow, via Christianity, and took root in the local languages (e.g. Old Saxon palma, Old High German palma, Old Norse palmr). Palm Sunday is Old English palm-sunnandæg.
In ancient times, a leaf or frond was carried or worn as a symbol of victory or triumph, or on feast days; hence figurative use of palm for “victory, triumph” (late 14c.). Palm court “large room in a hotel, etc., usually decorated with potted palms” first recorded 1908.
Old English cros (mid-10c.), from Old Irish cros, probably via Scandinavian, from Latin crux (accusative crucem, genitive crucis) “stake, cross” on which criminals were impaled or hanged, hence, figuratively, “torture, trouble, misery;” originally a tall, round pole; possibly of Phoenician origin. Replaced Old English rood. Also from Latin crux are Italian croce, French croix, Spanish and Portuguese cruz, Dutch kruis, German Kreuz.
“impose (something) on (someone),” 1670s, from palm (n.1). Extended form palm off is from 1822.
c.1200, “make the sign of a cross,” from cross (n.). Sense of “to go across” is from c.1400; that of “to cancel by drawing lines over” is from mid-15c. Related: Crossed; crossing.
- The inner surface of the hand that extends from the wrist to the base of the fingers.
- A plant or animal produced by crossbreeding; a hybrid.
- To crossbreed or cross-fertilize plants or animals.
In addition to the idioms beginning with cross
- cross a bridge when one comes to it
- cross as a bear
- cross my heart and hope to die
- cross one’s fingers
- cross one’s mind
- cross over
- cross someone’s palm with silver
- cross someone’s path
- cross swords
- cross the Rubicon
- cross to bear
- cross up
- at cross purposes
- at the crossroads
- caught in the middle (cross-fire)
- dot one’s i’s and cross one’s t’s
- double cross
- get one’s wires crossed
In addition to the idiom beginning with palm
- palm off
- cross someone’s palm
- grease someone’s palm
- itchy palm