1. sad and gloomy; dejected; downcast.
  2. pressed down, or situated lower than the general surface.
  3. lowered in force, amount, etc.
  4. undergoing economic hardship, especially poverty and unemployment.
  5. being or measured below the standard or norm.
  6. Botany, Zoology. flattened down; greater in width than in height.
  7. Psychiatry. suffering from depression.

verb (used with object)

  1. to make sad or gloomy; lower in spirits; deject; dispirit.
  2. to lower in force, vigor, activity, etc.; weaken; make dull.
  3. to lower in amount or value.
  4. to put into a lower position: to depress the muzzle of a gun.
  5. to press down.
  6. Music. to lower in pitch.


  1. low in spirits; downcast; despondent
  2. lower than the surrounding surface
  3. pressed down or flattened
  4. Also: distressed characterized by relative economic hardship, such as unemploymenta depressed area
  5. lowered in force, intensity, or amount
  6. (of plant parts) flattened as though pressed from above
  7. zoology flattened from top to bottomthe depressed bill of the spoonbill

verb (tr)

  1. to lower in spirits; make gloomy; deject
  2. to weaken or lower the force, vigour, or energy of
  3. to lower prices of (securities or a security market)
  4. to press or push down
  5. to lower the pitch of (a musical sound)
  6. obsolete to suppress or subjugate

early 14c., “put down by force,” from Old French depresser, from Late Latin depressare, frequentative of Latin deprimere “press down,” from de- “down” (see de-) + premere “to press” (see press (v.1)).

Meaning “push down physically” is from early 15c.; that of “deject, make gloomy” is from 1620s; economic sense of “lower in value” is from 1878. Related: Depressed; depressing.


  1. Lower in amount, degree, or position.
  2. Sunk below the surrounding area.
  3. Flattened along the dorsal and ventral surfaces.
  4. Low in spirits; dejected.
  5. Suffering from psychological depression.


  1. To lower in spirits; deject.
  2. To cause to drop or sink; lower.
  3. To press down.
  4. To lessen the activity or force of something.
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