draft [draft, drahft] Word Origin noun
- a drawing, sketch, or design.
- a first or preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, copying, etc.
- act of drawing; delineation.
- a current of air in any enclosed space, especially in a room, chimney, or stove.
- a current of air moving in an upward or downward direction.
- a device for regulating the current of air in a stove, fireplace, etc.
- an act of drawing or pulling loads.
- something that is drawn or pulled; a haul.
- an animal or team of animals used to pull a load.
- the force required to pull a load.
- the taking of supplies, forces, money, etc., from a given source.
- a selection or drawing of persons, by lot or otherwise, from the general body of the people for military service; levy; conscription.
- the persons so selected.
- Sports. a selecting or drawing of new players from a choice group of amateur players by professional teams, especially a system of selecting new players so that each team in a professional league receives some of the most promising players.
- British. a selection of persons already in military service to be sent from one post or organization to another; detachment.
- a written order drawn by one person upon another; a writing directing the payment of money on account of the drawer; bill of exchange.
- a drain or demand made on anything.
- an act of drinking or inhaling.
- something that is taken in by drinking or inhaling; a drink; dose.
- a quantity of fish caught.
- Nautical. the depth to which a vessel is immersed when bearing a given load.
- Also called . Metallurgy. the slight taper given to a pattern so that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.
- the change in sectional area of a piece of work caused by a rolling or drawing operation.
- a taper on a die or punch permitting it to be withdrawn readily from the work.
- Masonry. a line or border chiseled at the edge of a stone, to serve as a guide in leveling the surfaces.
- the degree of attenuation produced in fibers during yarn processing, expressed either by the ratio of the weight of raw to the weight of processed fiber, or by the ratio between the varying surface speeds of the rollers on the carding machine.
- the act of attenuating the fibers.
- an allowance granted to a buyer for waste of goods sold by weight.
verb (used with object)
- to draw the outlines or plan of; sketch.
- to draw up in written form; compose.
- to draw or pull.
- to take or select by draft, especially for military service.
- Masonry. to cut a draft on.
verb (used without object)
- to do mechanical drawing; work as a .
- (in an automobile race) to drive or ride close behind another car so as to benefit from the reduction in air pressure created behind the car ahead.
- used or suited for drawing loads: a draft horse.
- drawn or available to be drawn from a cask rather than served from a sealed bottle: draft ale.
- being a tentative or preliminary outline, version, design, or sketch.
- on draft, available to be drawn from a cask rather than from a sealed bottle: imported beer on draft.
Also especially British, draught (for defs 1, 3–10, 18–25, 28–33, 35–38). Origin of draft later spelling of(since 16th century)Related formsdraft·a·ble, adjectivedraft·er, nounan·ti·draft, adjectivepre·draft, noun, verb (used with object)re·draft, verb (used with object)un·draft·a·ble, adjectiveun·draft·ed, adjectiveCan be confuseddraft British Dictionary definitions for drafter draft noun
- a plan, sketch, or drawing of something
- a preliminary outline of a book, speech, etc
- another word for
- a demand or drain on something
- the divergent duct leading from a water turbine to its tailrace
- US selection for compulsory military service
- detachment of military personnel from one unit to another
- commerce an allowance on merchandise sold by weight
- a line or narrow border that is chiselled on the surface of a stone to serve as a guide for levelling it
- Australian and NZ a group of livestock separated from the rest of the herd or flock
- to draw up an outline or sketch for somethingto draft a speech
- to prepare a plan or design of
- to detach (military personnel) from one unit to another
- mainly US to select for compulsory military service
- to chisel a draft on (stone, etc)
- Australian and NZ
- to select (cattle or sheep) from a herd or flock
- to select (farm stock) for sale
- the usual US spelling of , , , , , , , ,
Derived Formsdrafter, nounWord Origin for draft C16: variant of draught Word Origin and History for drafter draft n.
c.1500, spelling variant of(q.v.) to reflect change in pronunciation. Among the senses that have gone with this form of the word in American English, the meaning “rough copy of a writing” (something “drawn”) is attested from 14c.; that of “preliminary sketch from which a final copy is made” is from 1520s; that of “flow of a current of air” is from c.1770. Of beer from the 1830s, in reference to the method of “drawing” it from the cask. Sense in bank draft is from 1745. The meaning “a drawing off a group for special duty” is from 1703, in U.S. especially of military service; the verb in this sense first recorded 1714. Related: Drafted; drafting.
drafter in Medicine draft [drăft] n.
- A measured portion of a liquid or aerosol medication; a dose.
drafter in Culture draft
A preliminary version of a book, speech,, or outline.
A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service, administered in the United States by the. At present the United States relies on a volunteer military and does not have a draft, though young men are required by law to register with the Selective Service. (See also and .)