1. a period of dry weather, especially a long one that is injurious to crops.
  2. an extended shortage: a drought of good writing.
  3. Archaic. thirst.


  1. a prolonged period of scanty rainfall
  2. a prolonged shortage
  3. an archaic or dialect word for thirst Archaic and Scot form: drouth

Old English drugað, drugoð “drought, dryness, desert,” from Proto-Germanic *drugothaz, from Germanic root *dreug- “dry” (cf high/height) with *-itho, Germanic suffix for forming abstract nouns (see -th (2)). Drouth was a Middle English variant continued in Scottish and northern English dialect and in poetry.

  1. A long period of abnormally low rainfall, lasting up to several years.
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