1. the selection of a person or persons for office by vote.
  2. a public vote upon a proposition submitted.
  3. the act of electing.
  4. Theology. the choice by God of individuals, as for a particular work or for favor or salvation.


  1. the selection by vote of a person or persons from among candidates for a position, esp a political office
  2. a public vote on an official proposition
  3. the act or an instance of choosing
  4. Christianity
    1. the doctrine of Calvin that God chooses certain individuals for salvation without reference to their faith or works
    2. the doctrine of Arminius and others that God chooses for salvation those who, by grace, persevere in faith and works

late 13c., from Anglo-French eleccioun, Old French elecion “choice, election, selection” (12c.), from Latin electionem (nominative electio), noun of action from past participle stem of eligere “pick out, select,” from ex- “out” (see ex-) + -ligere, comb. form of legere “to choose, read” (see lecture (n.)). Theological sense is from late 14c.

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