verb (used with object)

  1. to found, institute, build, or bring into being on a firm or stable basis: to establish a university; to establish a medical practice.
  2. to install or settle in a position, place, business, etc.: to establish one’s child in business.
  3. to show to be valid or true; prove: to establish the facts of the matter.
  4. to cause to be accepted or recognized: to establish a custom; She established herself as a leading surgeon.
  5. to bring about permanently: to establish order.
  6. to enact, appoint, or ordain for permanence, as a law; fix unalterably.
  7. to make (a church) a national or state institution.
  8. Cards. to obtain control of (a suit) so that one can win all the subsequent tricks in it.

verb (usually tr)

  1. to make secure or permanent in a certain place, condition, job, etcto establish one’s usefulness; to establish a house
  2. to create or set up (an organization, etc) on or as if on a permanent basisto establish a company
  3. to prove correct or free from doubt; validateto establish a fact
  4. to cause (a principle, theory, etc) to be widely or permanently acceptedto establish a precedent
  5. to give (a Church) the status of a national institution
  6. (of a person) to become recognized and acceptedhe established himself as a reliable GP
  7. (in works of imagination) to cause (a character, place, etc) to be credible and recognizedthe first scene established the period
  8. cards to make winners of (the remaining cards of a suit) by forcing out opponents’ top cards
  9. (also intr) botany
    1. to cause (a plant) to grow or (of a plant) to grow in a new placethe birch scrub has established over the past 25 years
    2. to become or cause to become a sapling or adult plant from a seedling

late 14c., from Old French establiss-, present participle stem of establir (12c., Modern French ├ętablir) “cause to stand still, establish, stipulate, set up, erect, build,” from Latin stabilire “make stable,” from stabilis “stable” (see stable (adj.)).

For initial e-, see especial. Related: Established; establishing. An established church or religion is one sanctioned by the state.

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