- an administrative district in the Central region, in S central Scotland. 110 sq. mi. (285 sq. km).
- a city in this district, W of Edinburgh: Scots under Wallace defeated by the English in 1298.
- a town in Scotland, the administrative centre of Falkirk council area: scene of Edward I’s defeat of Wallace (1298) and Prince Charles Edward’s defeat of General Hawley (1746); formerly a major iron and steel centre; the Falkirk Wheel, an innovative rotating canal boat lift, is nearby. Pop: 32 379 (2001)
- a council area in central Scotland, on the Firth of Forth: created in 1996 from part of Central Region: largely agricultural, with heavy industry in Falkirk and Grangemouth. Administrative centre: Falkirk. Pop: 145 920 (2003 est). Area: 299 sq km (115 sq miles)