< /ˌɑ lɛsˈsɑn drɔ/, Duke of Parma,1545–92, Italian general, statesman, and diplomat.
- Alesandro (alesˈsandro). original name of Pope Paul IIISee also Paul III
- Alessandro, duke of Parma and Piacenza. 1545–92, Italian general, statesman, and diplomat in the service of Philip II of Spain. As governor of the Netherlands (1578–92), he successfully suppressed revolts against Spanish rule