1. having bounds or limits; not infinite; measurable.
  2. Mathematics.
    1. (of a set of elements) capable of being completely counted.
    2. not infinite or infinitesimal.
    3. not zero.
  3. subject to limitations or conditions, as of space, time, circumstances, or the laws of nature: man’s finite existence on earth.


  1. something that is finite.


  1. bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extenta finite difference
  2. maths logic having a number of elements that is a natural number; able to be counted using the natural numbers less than some natural numberCompare denumerable, infinite (def. 4)
    1. limited or restricted in naturehuman existence is finite
    2. (as noun)the finite
  3. denoting any form or occurrence of a verb inflected for grammatical features such as person, number, and tense

early 15c., from Latin finitus, past participle of finire “to limit, set bounds, end,” from finis (see finish (v.)). Related: Finitely.

  1. Relating to a set that cannot be put into a one-to-one correspondence with any proper subset of its own members.
  2. Relating to or being a numerical quantity describing the size of such a set.
  3. Being a member of the set of real or complex numbers.
  4. Being a quantity that is non-zero and not infinite.
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