adjective, fresh·er, fresh·est.
- newly made or obtained: fresh footprints.
- recently arrived; just come: fresh from school.
- new; not previously known, met with, etc.; novel: to uncover fresh facts; to seek fresh experiences.
- additional or further: fresh supplies.
- not salty, as water.
- retaining the original properties unimpaired; not stale or spoiled: Is the milk still fresh?
- not preserved by freezing, canning, pickling, salting, drying, etc.: fresh vegetables.
- not tired or fatigued; brisk; vigorous: She was still fresh after that long walk.
- not faded, worn, obliterated, etc.: fresh paint; a fresh appearance.
- looking youthful and healthy: a fresh beauty that we all admired.
- pure, cool, or refreshing, as air.
- denoting a young wine, especially a white or rosé, that is clean, crisp, and uncomplicated.
- Meteorology. (of wind) moderately strong or brisk.
- inexperienced; green; callow: Two hundred fresh recruits arrived at the training camp.
- Informal. forward or presumptuous.
- (of a cow) having recently given birth to a calf.
- exciting; appealing; great.
- informed; up-to-date.
- the fresh part or time.
- a freshet.
verb (used with or without object)
- to make or become fresh.
- newly; recently; just now: He is fresh out of ideas. The eggs are fresh laid.
- not stale or deteriorated; newly made, harvested, etcfresh bread; fresh strawberries
- newly acquired, created, found, etcfresh publications
- novel; originala fresh outlook
- latest; most recentfresh developments
- further; additional; morefresh supplies
- not canned, frozen, or otherwise preservedfresh fruit
- (of water) not salt
- bright or cleara fresh morning
- chilly or invigoratinga fresh breeze
- not tired; alert; refreshed
- not worn or fadedfresh colours
- having a healthy or ruddy appearance
- newly or just arrived; straightfresh from the presses
- youthful or inexperienced
- mainly US designating a female farm animal, esp a cow, that has recently given birth
- informal presumptuous or disrespectful; forward
- Northern English dialect partially intoxicated; tipsy
- the fresh part or time of something
- another name for freshet
- obsolete to make or become fresh; freshen
- in a fresh manner; freshly
- fresh out of informal having just run out of supplies of
late 13c. “unsalted, pure, sweet, eager,” metathesis of Old English fersc “unsalted,” from West Germanic *friskaz (cf. Old Frisian fersk, Middle Dutch versch, Dutch vers, Old High German frisc, German frisch “fresh”).
Probably cognate with Old Church Slavonic presinu “fresh,” Lithuanian preskas “sweet.” The metathesis, and the expanded Middle English senses of “new, pure, eager” are probably by influence of (or in some instances, from) Old French fres (fem. fresche), from Proto-Germanic *frisko-, and thus related to the English word. The Germanic root also is the source of Italian and Spanish fresco. Related: Freshly; freshness.
“impudent, presumptuous,” 1848, U.S. slang, probably from German frech “insolent, cheeky,” from Old High German freh “covetous,” related to Old English frec “greedy, bold” (see freak (n.)).
In addition to the idioms beginning with fresh
- fresh as a daisy
- fresh out of
- breath of fresh air