- a coastal area on the E Mediterranean: formerly in the Palestine mandate, occupied by Israel 1967–94; since 1994 under Palestinian self-rule.
- a coastal region on the SE corner of the Mediterranean: administered by Egypt from 1949; occupied by Israel from 1967; granted autonomy in 1993 and administered by the Palestinian National Authority from 1994. Pop: 1 763 387 (2013 est). Area: 363 sq km (140 sq miles)
A small strip of land between Egypt (see also Egypt), Israel, and the Mediterranean Sea. Israel occupied it during the Six-Day War. Populated by Israelis and stateless Palestinians, it has been one of the scenes of the intifada. Arabs see it as part of a future Palestinian state.