generalization






noun

  1. the act or process of generalizing.
  2. a result of this process; a general statement, idea, or principle.
  3. Logic.
    1. a proposition asserting something to be true either of all members of a certain class or of an indefinite part of that class.
    2. the process of obtaining such propositions.
  4. Psychology.
    1. Also called stimulus generalization.the act or process of responding to a stimulus similar to but distinct from the conditioned stimulus.
    2. Also called response generalization.the act or process of making a different but similar response to the same stimulus.
    3. Also called mediated generalization.the act or process of responding to a stimulus not physically similar to the conditioned stimulus and not previously encountered in conditioning.
    4. the act or process of perceiving similarity or relation between different stimuli, as between words, colors, sounds, lights, concepts or feelings; the formation of a general notion.

noun

  1. a principle, theory, etc, with general application
  2. the act or an instance of generalizing
  3. psychol the evoking of a response learned to one stimulus by a different but similar stimulusSee also conditioning
  4. logic the derivation of a general statement from a particular one, formally by prefixing a quantifier and replacing a subject term by a bound variable. If the quantifier is universal (universal generalization) the argument is not in general valid; if it is existential (existential generalization) it is valid
  5. logic any statement ascribing a property to every member of a class (universal generalization) or to one or more members (existential generalization)
n.

1761, “act of generalizing,” from generalize + -ation. Meaning “a general inference” is from 1794.

n.

  1. The act or an instance of generalizing.
  2. A principle, a statement, or an idea having general application.

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