noun (used with a singular verb)

  1. the study or the application of the influence of political and economic geography on the politics, national power, foreign policy, etc., of a state.
  2. the combination of geographic and political factors influencing or delineating a country or region.
  3. a national policy based on the interrelation of politics and geography.
  4. a Nazi doctrine that a combination of political, geographic, historical, racial, and economic factors substantiated Germany’s right to expand its borders and control various strategic land masses and natural resources.


  1. of or relating to geopolitics; involving geographical and political elements


  1. (functioning as singular) the study of the effect of geographical factors on politics, esp international politics; political geography
  2. (functioning as plural) the combination of geographical and political factors affecting a country or area
  3. (functioning as plural) politics as they affect the whole world; global politics

1902, translating Swedish geopolitisk, used in 1900 by Swedish political scientist Rudolf Kjellén (1864-1922); from geo- + politisk “political.” Related: Geopolitics (1903).

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