noun Electricity.

  1. the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetomotive force, equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns. Abbreviation: Gi


  1. Cass,1859–1934, U.S. architect.
  2. Henry Franklin Bel·knap [bel-nap] /ˈbɛl næp/, 1868–1928, U.S. composer.
  3. Sir Humphrey,1537–83, English soldier, navigator, and colonizer in America.
  4. JohnJohn Pringle, 1895–1936, U.S. film actor.
  5. Walter,born 1932, U.S. molecular biologist: Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980.
  6. William,1544–1603, English physician and physicist: pioneer experimenter in magnetism and electricity.
  7. Sir William Schwenck [shwengk] /ʃwɛŋk/, 1836–1911, English dramatist and poet: collaborator with Sir Arthur Sullivan.
  8. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning “pledge” and “bright.”


  1. a unit of magnetomotive force; the magnetomotive force resulting from the passage of 4π abamperes through one turn of a coil. 1 gilbert is equivalent to 10/4 π = 0.795 775 ampere-turnSymbols: Gb, Gi


  1. Grove Karl. 1843–1918, US geologist who pioneered the study of river development and valley erosion
  2. Sir Humphrey. ?1539–83, English navigator: founded the colony at St John’s, Newfoundland (1583)
  3. William. 1540–1603, English physician and physicist, noted for his study of terrestrial magnetism in De Magnete (1600)
  4. Sir W (illiam) S (chwenck). 1836–1911, English dramatist, humorist, and librettist. He collaborated (1871–96) with Arthur Sullivan on the famous series of comic operettas, including The Pirates of Penzance (1879), Iolanthe (1882), and The Mikado (1885)

masc. proper name, from Old French Guillebert (from Old High German Williberht, literally “a bright will”) or Old French Gilebert, from Gisilbert, literally “a bright pledge,” from Old High German gisil “pledge,” a Celtic loan-word (cf. Old Irish giall “pledge”) + beorht “bright” (see Albert). It was the common name for a male cat (especially in short form Gib) from c.1400 (see Tom). As a unit of magneto-motive force, it honors English physicist William Gilbert (1544-1603).

  1. American biologist. He shared a 1980 Nobel Prize for developing methods of mapping the structure and function of DNA.

  1. American biologist who, building upon the work of Frederick Sanger, formulated a method for determining the sequence of bases in DNA that made it possible to manufacture genetic materials in the laboratory. For this work he shared with Sanger and American biologist Paul Berg the 1980 Nobel Prize for chemistry.

  1. English court physician and physicist whose book De Magnete (1600) was the first comprehensive scientific work published in England. Gilbert demonstrated that the Earth itself is a magnet, with lines of force running between the North and South Poles. He theorized that magnetism and electricity were two types of a single force and was the first to use the words electricity and magnetic pole.

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