- 247–183 b.c., Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps and invaded Italy (son of Hamilcar Barca).
- a port in NE Missouri, on the Mississippi: Mark Twain’s boyhood home.
- 247–182 bc, Carthaginian general; son of Hamilcar Barca. He commanded the Carthaginian army in the Second Punic War (218–201). After capturing Sagunto in Spain, he invaded Italy (218), crossing the Alps with an army of about 40 000 men and defeating the Romans at Trasimene (217) and Cannae (216). In 203 he was recalled to defend Carthage and was defeated by Scipio at Zama (202). He was later forced into exile and committed suicide to avoid capture
masc. proper name, name of the Carthaginian general who hounded Rome in the 2nd Punic War, Punic Hannibha’al, literally “my favor is with Baal;” first element related to Hebrew hanan “he was gracious, showed favor” (see Hannah).
A general from the ancient city of Carthage. During the second of the Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome, Hannibal took an army of more than 100,000, supported by elephants, from Spain into Italy in an effort to conquer Rome. The army had to cross the Alps, and this troop movement is still regarded as one of the greatest in history. Hannibal won several victories on this campaign but was not able to take Rome.