verb (used with object), hemmed, hem·ming.

  1. to fold back and sew down the edge of (cloth, a garment, etc.); form an edge or border on or around.
  2. to enclose or confine (usually followed by in, around, or about): hemmed in by enemies.


  1. an edge made by folding back the margin of cloth and sewing it down.
  2. the edge or border of a garment, drape, etc., especially at the bottom.
  3. the edge, border, or margin of anything.
  4. Architecture. the raised edge forming the volute of an Ionic capital.


  1. (an utterance resembling a slight clearing of the throat, used to attract attention, express doubt, etc.)


  1. the utterance or sound of “hem.”
  2. a sound or pause of hesitation: His sermon was full of hems and haws.

verb (used without object), hemmed, hem·ming.

  1. to utter the sound “hem.”
  2. to hesitate in speaking.
  1. hem and haw,
    1. to hesitate or falter: She hemmed and hawed a lot before she came to the point.
    2. to speak noncommittally; avoid giving a direct answer: He hems and haws and comes out on both sides of every question.

  1. variant of hemo- before a vowel: hemal.


  1. an edge to a piece of cloth, made by folding the raw edge under and stitching it down
  2. short for hemline

verb hems, hemming or hemmed (tr)

  1. to provide with a hem
  2. (usually foll by in, around, or about) to enclose or confine

noun, interjection

  1. a representation of the sound of clearing the throat, used to gain attention, express hesitation, etc

verb hems, hemming or hemmed

  1. (intr) to utter this sound
  2. hem and haw or hum and haw to hesitate in speaking or in making a decision

combining form

  1. a US variant of haemo-

Old English hem “a border,” especially of cloth or a garment, from Proto-Germanic *hamjam (cf. Old Norse hemja “to bridle, curb,” Swedish hämma “to stop, restrain,” Old Frisian hemma “to hinder,” Middle Dutch, German hemmen “to hem in, stop, hinder”), from PIE *kem- “to compress.” Apparently the same root yielded Old English hamm, common in place names (where it means “enclosure, land hemmed in by water or high ground, land in a river bend”). In Middle English, hem also was a symbol of pride or ostentation.

If þei wer þe first þat schuld puplysch þese grete myracles of her mayster, men myth sey of hem, as Crist ded of þe Pharisees, þat þei magnified her owne hemmys. [John Capgrave, “Life of Saint Gilbert of Sempringham,” 1451]


late 15c., probably imitative of the sound of clearing the throat. Hem and haw first recorded 1786, from haw “hesitation” (1630s; see haw (v.)); hem and hawk attested from 1570s.


late 14c., “to provide (something) with a border or fringe” (surname Hemmer attested from c.1300), from hem (n.). Related: Hemmed; hemming. The phrase hem in “shut in, confine,” first recorded 1530s.


  1. Variant ofhemo-
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