- a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known.
- mere designation, as distinguished from fact: He was a king in name only.
- an appellation, title, or epithet, applied descriptively, in honor, abuse, etc.
- a reputation of a particular kind given by common opinion: to protect one’s good name.
- a distinguished, famous, or great reputation; fame: to make a name for oneself.
- a widely known or famous person; celebrity: She’s a name in show business.
- an unpleasant or derogatory appellation or expression: Don’t call your brother names! Sticks and stones may break my bones but names will never hurt me.
- a personal or family name as exercising influence or bringing distinction: With that name they can get a loan at any bank in town.
- a body of persons grouped under one name, as a family or clan.
- the verbal or other symbolic representation of a thing, event, property, relation, or concept.
- (initial capital letter) a symbol or vehicle of divinity: to take the Name in vain; the power of the Name.
verb (used with object), named, nam·ing.
- to give a name to: to name a baby.
- to accuse: He was named as the thief.
- to call by an epithet: They named her speedy.
- to identify, specify, or mention by name: Three persons were named in the report.
- to designate for some duty or office; nominate or appoint: I have named you for the position.
- to specify; suggest: Name a price.
- to give the name of: Can you name the capital of Ohio?
- to speak of.
- British. (in the House of Commons) to cite (a member) for contempt.
- famous; widely known: a name author.
- designed for or carrying a name.
- giving its name or title to a collection or anthology containing it: the name piece.
- by name,
- personally; individually: She was always careful to address every employee by name.
- not personally; by repute: I know him by name only.
- call names, to scold or speak abusively of or to a person: Better not to call names unless one is larger and considerably stronger than one’s adversary.
- in the name of,
- with appeal to: In the name of mercy, stop that screaming!
- by the authority of: Open, in the name of the law!
- on behalf of: to purchase something in the name of another.
- under the name or possession of: money deposited in the name of a son.
- under the designation or excuse of: murder in the name of justice.
- name names, to specify people by name, especially those who have been accomplices in a misdeed: The witness in the bribery investigation threatened to name names.
- to one’s name, in one’s possession: I haven’t a penny to my name.
- a word or term by which a person or thing is commonly and distinctively knownRelated adjective: nominal
- mere outward appearance or form as opposed to fact (esp in the phrase in name)he was a ruler in name only
- a word, title, or phrase descriptive of character, usually abusive or derogatoryto call a person names
- reputation, esp, if unspecified, good reputationhe’s made quite a name for himself
- a famous person or thinga name in the advertising world
- mainly US and Canadian(as modifier)a name product
- a member of Lloyd’s who provides part of the capital of a syndicate and shares in its profits or losses but does not arrange its business
- in the name of or under the name of using as a name
- in the name of
- for the sake of
- by the sanction or authority of
- know by name to have heard of without having met
- name of the game
- anything that is essential, significant, or important
- expected or normal conditions, circumstances, etcin gambling, losing money’s the name of the game
- to one’s name belonging to oneI haven’t a penny to my name
- to give a name to; call by a nameshe named the child Edward
- to refer to by name; citehe named three French poets
- to determine, fix, or specifythey have named a date for the meeting
- to appoint to or cite for a particular title, honour, or duty; nominatehe was named Journalist of the Year
- to ban (an MP) from the House of Commons by mentioning him formally by name as being guilty of disorderly conduct
- name and shame to reveal the identity of a person or organization guilty of illegal or unacceptable behaviour in order to embarrass them into not repeating the offence
- name names to cite people, esp in order to blame or accuse them
- name the day to choose the day for one’s wedding
- you name it whatever you need, mention, etc
Old English nama, noma “name, reputation,” from Proto-Germanic *namon (cf. Old Saxon namo, Old Frisian nama, Old High German namo, German Name, Middle Dutch name, Dutch naam, Old Norse nafn, Gothic namo “name”), from PIE *nomn- (cf. Sanskrit nama; Avestan nama; Greek onoma, onyma; Latin nomen; Old Church Slavonic ime, genitive imene; Russian imya; Old Irish ainm; Old Welsh anu “name”).
Meaning “famous person” is from 1610s. Meaning “one’s reputation” is from c.1300. As a modifier meaning “well-known,” first attested 1938. Name brand is from 1944; name-calling attested from 1846; name-dropper first recorded 1947. name-tag is from 1903; name-child attested from 1845. The name of the game “the essential thing or quality” is from 1966; to have one’s name in lights “be a famous performer” is from 1929.
He who once a good name gets,[“Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence,” London, 1811]
May piss a bed, and say he sweats.
Old English namian “to name, call; nominate, appoint,” from source of name (n.). Related: Named; naming.
By the authority of, as in Open up, in the name of the law! [Late 1300s]
On behalf of, as in She made a donation in her daughter’s name. [Late 1300s]
in God’s or heaven’s name; in the name of God or heaven. With appeal to, as in In the name of God, stop that noise! or What in heaven’s name are you doing? [c. a.d. 900]
Under the designation of, as in They burned witches at the stake in the name of piety. [Late 1300s]
Under the possession or ownership of, as in The certificate of ownership was rightfully in my name. [Mid-1900s]
in one’s own name. On one’s own behalf, as in Mary signed the check for John in her own name. [Late 1800s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with name
- name after
- name is mud, one’s
- name names
- name of the game, the
- name the day
- call names
- clear one’s name
- drop names
- give a bad name
- go by (the name of)
- handle to one’s name
- in name only
- in the name of
- make a name for oneself
- on a first-name basis
- take someone’s name in vain
- to one’s name
- worthy of the name
- you name it