noun, plural in·e·qual·i·ties.

  1. the condition of being unequal; lack of equality; disparity: inequality of size.
    1. social or economic disparity: inequality between the rich and the poor; widening income inequality in America.
    2. unequal opportunity or treatment resulting from this disparity: inequality in healthcare and education.
  2. disparity or relative inadequacy in natural endowments: a startling inequality of intellect, talents, and physical stamina.
  3. injustice; partiality.
  4. unevenness, as of surface.
  5. an instance of unevenness.
  6. variableness, as of climate.
  7. Astronomy.
    1. any component part of the departure from uniformity in astronomical phenomena, especially in orbital motion.
    2. the amount of such a departure.
  8. Mathematics. a statement that two quantities are unequal, indicated by the symbol ≠; alternatively, by the symbol , signifying that the quantity preceding the symbol is greater than that following.

noun plural -ties

  1. the state or quality of being unequal; disparity
  2. an instance of disparity
  3. lack of smoothness or regularity
  4. social or economic disparity
  5. maths
    1. a statement indicating that the value of one quantity or expression is not equal to another, as in xy
    2. a relationship between real numbers involving inequality: x may be greater than y, denoted by x > y, or less than y, denoted by x y
  6. astronomy a departure from uniform orbital motion

early 15c., “difference of rank or dignity,” from Old French inequalité (14c.) and directly from Medieval Latin inaequalitas, from Latin inaequalis “unequal,” from in- “not, opposite of” (see in- (1)) + aequalis “equal” (see equal).

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