noun, plural jins, (especially collectively) jin. Islamic Mythology.
- Also Tsin. any of three dynasties that ruled in China, a.d. 265–316 (the Western Chin), a.d. 317–420 (the Eastern Chin), and a.d. 936–46 (the Later Chin).
- a dynasty that ruled in China 1115–1234.
noun Australian Informal.
- a female Aborigine.
- an Aboriginal wife.
- (Mandarin) Chinese name for catty 2
- the protruding part of the lower jaw
- the front part of the face below the lipsRelated adjective: genial
- keep one’s chin up to keep cheerful under difficult circumstancesSometimes shortened to: chin up!
- take it on the chin informal to face squarely up to a defeat, adversity, etc
verb chins, chinning or chinned
- gymnastics to raise one’s chin to (a horizontal bar, etc) when hanging by the arms
- (tr) informal to punch or hit (someone) on the chin
- an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
- any of various grain spirits flavoured with other fruit or aromatic essencessloe gin
- an alcoholic drink made from any rectified spirit
- a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
- Also called: cotton gin a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
- a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
- a hand-operated hoist that consists of a drum winder turned by a crank
verb gins, ginning or ginned (tr)
- to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
- to trap or snare (game) with a gin
verb gins, ginning, gan or gun
- an archaic word for begin
- Scot if
- Australian offensive, slang an Aboriginal woman
Old English cin, cinn “chin” (but in some compounds suggesting an older, broader sense of “jawbone”); a general Germanic word (cf. Old Saxon and Old High German kinni; Old Norse kinn; German Kinn “chin;” Gothic kinnus “cheek”), from PIE root *genu- “chin, jawbone” (cf. Sanskrit hanuh, Avestan zanu- “chin;” Armenian cnawt “jawbone, cheek;” Lithuanian žándas “jawbone;” Greek genus “lower jaw,” geneion “chin;” Old Irish gin “mouth,” Welsh gen “jawbone, chin”).
in slang phrase gin up “enliven, make more exciting,” 1887, probably from earlier ginger up in same sense (1849), from ginger in sense of “spice, pizzazz;” specifically in reference to the treatment described in the 1811 slang dictionary under the entry for feague:
… to put ginger up a horse’s fundament, and formerly, as it is said, a live eel, to make him lively and carry his tail well; it is said, a forfeit is incurred by any horse-dealer’s servant, who shall shew a horse without first feaguing him. Feague is used, figuratively, for encouraging or spiriting one up.
“to begin,” c.1200, ginnen, shortened form of beginnen (see begin).
1590s, “to press (affectionately) chin to chin,” from chin (n.). Meaning “to bring to the chin” (of a fiddle) is from 1869. Slang meaning “talk, gossip” is from 1883, American English. Related: Chinned; chinning. Athletic sense of “raise one’s chin over” (a raised bar, for exercise) is from 1880s.
“type of distilled drinking alcohol,” 1714, shortening of geneva, altered (by influence of the similarity of the name of the Swiss city, with which it has no other connection) from Dutch genever “juniper” (because the alcohol was flavored with its berries), from Old French genevre, from Vulgar Latin *jeniperus, from Latin juniperus “juniper” (see juniper). Gin and tonic attested by 1873; gin-sling by 1790. Card game gin rummy first attested 1941 (described in “Life” that year as the latest Hollywood fad).
“machine for separating cotton from seeds,” 1796, American English, used earlier of various other machineries, from Middle English gin “ingenious device, contrivance” (c.1200), from Old French gin “machine, device, scheme,” shortened form of engin, from Latin ingenium (see engine). The verb in this sense is recorded from 1789.
- The prominence formed by the anterior projection of the lower jaw.
see keep one’s chin up; lead with one’s chin; take it on the chin.