1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land.
  2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil.


  1. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.)


  1. any of various pigments prepared from animal, vegetable, or coal-tar coloring matters by chemical or other union with metallic compounds.
  2. a red pigment prepared from lac or cochineal by combination with a metallic compound.


  1. Simon,1866–1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect.


  1. an expanse of water entirely surrounded by land and unconnected to the sea except by rivers or streamsRelated adjective: lacustrine
  2. anything resembling this
  3. a surplus of a liquid commoditya wine lake


  1. a bright pigment used in textile dyeing and printing inks, produced by the combination of an organic colouring matter with an inorganic compound, usually a metallic salt, oxide, or hydroxideSee also mordant
  2. a red dye obtained by combining a metallic compound with cochineal

n.1“body of water,” early 12c., from Old French lack and directly from Latin lacus “pond, lake,” also “basin, tank,” related to lacuna “hole, pit,” from PIE *laku- (cf. Greek lakkos “pit, tank, pond,” Old Church Slavonic loky “pool, puddle, cistern,” Old Irish loch “lake, pond”). The common notion is “basin.” There was a Germanic form of the word, which yielded cognate Old Norse lögr “sea flood, water,” Old English lacu “stream,” lagu “sea flood, water,” leccan “to moisten” (see leak). In Middle English, lake, as a descendant of the Old English word, also could mean “stream; river gully; ditch; marsh; grave; pit of hell,” and this might have influenced the form of the borrowed word. The North American Great Lakes so called from 1660s. n.2“deep red coloring matter,” 1610s, from French laque (see lac), from which it was obtained.

  1. A large inland body of standing fresh or salt water. Lakes generally form in depressions, such as those created by glacial or volcanic action; they may also form when a section of a river becomes dammed or when a channel is isolated by a change in a river’s course.

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