- Also Mac·e·don [mas-i-don] /ˈmæs ɪˌdɒn/. an ancient kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula, in S Europe: now a region in N Greece, SW Bulgaria, and the Republic of Macedonia.
- a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945–92) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. 9928 sq. mi. (25,713 sq. km). Capital: Skopje.
- a region of the S Balkans, now divided among Greece, Bulgaria, and Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). As a kingdom in the ancient world it achieved prominence under Philip II (359–336 bc) and his son Alexander the Great
- a country in SE Europe, comprising the NW half of ancient Macedon: it became part of the kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (subsequently Yugoslavia) in 1913; it declared independence in 1992, but Greece objected to the use of the historical name Macedonia; in 1993 it was recognized by the UN under its current official name. Official language: Macedonian. Religion: Christian majority, Muslim, nonreligious, and Jewish minorities. Currency: denar. Capital: Skopje. Pop: 2 087 171 (2013 est). Area: 25 713 sq km (10 028 sq miles)Serbian name: Makedonija Official name: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM
- an area of N Greece, comprising the regions of Macedonia Central, Macedonia West, and part of Macedonia East and ThraceModern Greek name: Makedhonia
- a district of SW Bulgaria, now occupied by Blagoevgrad province. Area: 6465 sq km (2496 sq miles)
c. 1300, Macedone, from Latin Macedonius “Macedonian,” from Greek Makedones “the Macedonians,” literally “highlanders” or “the tall ones,” related to makednos “long, tall,” makros “long, large” (see macro-). French Macédoine “mixed cut fruit or vegetables” is early 19c., said to be a reference to the diversity of people in Alexander’s empire. Republic in southeastern Europe on the west Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Yugoslavia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. Its capital and largest city is Skopje.