- inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright’s disease.
- of or relating to the kidneys
- relating to or affected with nephritis
- inflammation of a kidney
n.1570s, from Late Latin nephritis, from Greek nephritis “disease of the kidneys,” from nephros “kidney” (see nephron) + -itis “inflammation.” Related: Nephritic. adj.
- Of, relating to, or affected with nephritis.
n. pl. ne•phri•tis•es
- Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
- Inflammation of the kidneys.