noun Pathology.

  1. inflammation of the kidneys, especially in Bright’s disease.


  1. of or relating to the kidneys
  2. relating to or affected with nephritis


  1. inflammation of a kidney

n.1570s, from Late Latin nephritis, from Greek nephritis “disease of the kidneys,” from nephros “kidney” (see nephron) + -itis “inflammation.” Related: Nephritic. adj.

  1. Of, relating to, or affected with nephritis.

n. pl. ne•phri•tis•es

  1. Acute or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.

  1. Inflammation of the kidneys.

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