- (Arthur) Neville,1869–1940, British statesman: prime minister 1937–40.
- Joseph,1836–1914, British statesman (father of Sir Austen and Neville Chamberlain).
- Sir (Joseph) Austen,1863–1937, British statesman: Nobel Peace Prize 1925.
- Owen,1920–2006, U.S. physicist: Nobel Prize 1959.
- Wilt(on Norman)Wilt the Stilt, 1936–1999, U.S. basketball player.
- an officer who manages the household of a king
- the steward of a nobleman or landowner
- the treasurer of a municipal corporation
- Sir (Joseph) Austen. 1863–1937, British Conservative statesman; foreign secretary (1924–29); awarded a Nobel peace prize for his negotiation of the Locarno Pact (1925)
- his father, Joseph. 1836–1914, British statesman; originally a Liberal, he resigned in 1886 over Home Rule for Ireland and became leader of the Liberal Unionists; a leading advocate of preferential trading agreements with members of the British Empire
- his son, (Arthur) Neville. 1869–1940, British Conservative statesman; prime minister (1937–40): pursued a policy of appeasement towards Germany; following the German invasion of Poland, he declared war on Germany on Sept 3, 1939
- Owen. 1920–2006, US physicist, who discovered the antiproton. Nobel prize for physics jointly with Emilio Segré 1959
n.early 13c., from Old French chamberlenc “chamberlain, steward, treasurer” (Modern French chambellan), from a Germanic source (perhaps Frankish *kamerling; cf. Old High German chamarling, German Kämmerling), from Latin camera “chamber, room” (see camera) + Germanic diminutive suffix -ling.