1. a clumsy, stupid person; lout.
  2. a simpleton; dunce; blockhead.
  3. Archaic.
    1. a deformed or mentally deficient child.
    2. a changeling.


  1. a stupid or loutish person

adj.1610s, from oaf + -ish. Related: Oafishly; oafishness. n.1620s, auf, oph (modern form from 1630s), “a changeling; a foolish child left by the fairies” [Johnson], from a Scandinavian source, cf. Norwegian alfr “silly person,” in Old Norse, “elf” (see elf). Hence, “a misbegotten, deformed idiot.” Until recently, some dictionaries still gave the plural as oaves.

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