1. a suffix occurring in adjectives borrowed from Latin, meaning “full of,” “abounding in,” “given to,” “like”: frondose; globose; jocose; otiose; verbose.

  1. a suffix used in chemical terminology to form the names of sugars and other carbohydrates (amylose; fructose; hexose; lactose), and of protein derivatives (proteose).

suffix forming adjectives

  1. possessing; resemblingverbose; grandiose

suffix forming nouns

  1. indicating a carbohydrate, esp a sugarlactose
  2. indicating a decomposition product of proteinalbumose

2standard ending in chemical names of sugars, originally simply a noun-forming suffix, taken up by French chemists mid-19c.; it has no etymological connection with sugar. It appears around the same time in two chemical names, cellulose, which would owe it to the French suffix, and glucose, where it would be a natural result from the Greek original. Flood favors origin from glucose. 1word-forming element used to make adjectives from nouns, with the meaning “full of, abounding in, having qualities of,” from Latin -osus (cf. -ous).

  1. A suffix used to form the chemical names of carbohydrates, such as glucose.
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