noun, plural ox·en for 1, 2, ox·es for 3.
- the adult castrated male of the genus Bos, used chiefly as a draft animal.
- any member of the bovine family.
- Informal. a clumsy, stupid fellow.
noun plural oxen (ˈɒksən)
- an adult castrated male of any domesticated species of cattle, esp Bos taurus, used for draught work and meat
- any bovine mammal, esp any of the domestic cattle
n.Old English oxa “ox” (plural oxan), from Proto-Germanic *ukhson (cf. Old Norse oxi, Old Frisian oxa, Middle Dutch osse, Old Saxon, Old High German ohso, German Ochse, Gothic auhsa), from PIE *uks-en- “male animal,” (cf. Welsh ych “ox,” Middle Irish oss “stag,” Sanskrit uksa, Avestan uxshan- “ox, bull”), said to be from root *uks- “to sprinkle,” related to *ugw- “wet, moist.” The animal word, then, is literally “besprinkler.”