1. opposition to war or violence of any kind.
  2. refusal to engage in military activity because of one’s principles or beliefs.
  3. the principle or policy that all differences among nations should be adjusted without recourse to war.


  1. the belief that violence of any kind is unjustifiable and that one should not participate in war
  2. the belief that international disputes can be settled by arbitration rather than war

n.1905, from French pacifisme (by 1903, apparently coined by Émile Arnaud), from pacifique (see pacific). The view that war is morally unacceptable and never justified (see conscientious objector). The term is sometimes applied to the belief that international disputes should be settled peacefully.

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