verb (used with object), pared, par·ing.

  1. to cut off the outer coating, layer, or part of.
  2. to remove (an outer coating, layer, or part) by cutting (often followed by off or away).
  3. to reduce or remove by or as by cutting; diminish or decrease gradually (often followed by down): to pare down one’s expenses.

verb (tr)

  1. to peel or cut (the outer layer) from (something)
  2. to cut the edges from (the nails); trim
  3. to decrease bit by bit


  1. Ambroise (ɑ̃brwaz). 1510–90, French surgeon. He reintroduced ligature of arteries following amputation instead of cauterization

v.“to trim by cutting close,” c.1300, from Old French parer “arrange, prepare; trim, adorn,” and directly from Latin parare “make ready, furnish, provide, arrange, order,” related to parere “produce, bring forth, give birth to,” from PIE root *pere- “produce, procure, bring forward, bring forth,” and derived words in diverse senses (cf. Lithuanian pariu “to brood,” Greek poris “calf, bull,” Old High German farro, German Farre “bullock,” Old English fearr “bull,” Sanskrit prthukah “child, calf, young of an animal,” Czech spratek “brat, urchin, premature calf”). Generalized meaning “to reduce something little by little” is from 1520s. Related: Pared; paring.

  1. French surgeon who made numerous improvements to operating methods, including the ligature of arteries rather than cauterization.
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