1. a light, usually open building used for shelter, concerts, exhibits, etc., as in a park or fair.
  2. any of a number of separate or attached buildings forming a hospital or the like.
  3. Architecture. a projecting element of a façade, used especially at the center or at each end and usually treated so as to suggest a tower.
  4. a tent, especially a large and elaborate one.
  5. a small, ornamental building in a garden.
  6. Also called base. Jewelry. the part of a cut gem below the girdle.

verb (used with object)

  1. to shelter in or as if in a pavilion.
  2. to furnish with pavilions.


  1. British a building at a sports ground, esp a cricket pitch, in which players change
  2. a summerhouse or other decorative shelter
  3. a building or temporary structure, esp one that is open and ornamental, for housing exhibitions
  4. a large ornate tent, esp one with a peaked top, as used by medieval armies
  5. one of a set of buildings that together form a hospital or other large institution
  6. one of four main facets on a brilliant-cut stone between the girdle and the culet

verb (tr) literary

  1. to place or set in or as if in a pavilionpavilioned in splendour
  2. to provide with a pavilion or pavilions

n.c.1200, “large, stately tent,” from Old French paveillon “large tent; butterfly” (12c.), from Latin papilionem (nominative papilio) “butterfly, moth,” in Medieval Latin “tent” (see papillon); the type of tent so called on resemblance to wings. Meaning “open building in a park, etc., used for shelter or entertainment” is attested from 1680s.

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