- a rule of transformational grammar that shifts the subject or object of an embedded clause into the subject or object position of the main clause, as in the derivation of The suspect appears to be innocent from It appears that the suspect is innocent.
verb (used with object), raised, rais·ing.
- to move to a higher position; lift up; elevate: to raise one’s hand; sleepy birds raising their heads and looking about.
- to set upright: When the projection screen toppled, he quickly raised it again.
- to cause to rise or stand up; rouse: The sound of the bugle raised him from his bed.
- to build; erect: to raise a monument.
- to set up the framework of: to raise a house.
- to set in motion; activate: to raise a storm of protest.
- to grow or breed, care for, or promote the growth of: to raise corn; to raise prizewinning terriers.
- to serve in the capacity of parent to; rear: to raise children.
- to give rise to; bring up or about: His comments raised a ripple of applause.
- to put forward; present for public consideration: He raised the issue of his opponent’s eligibility.
- Law. to make (an issue at law).
- to restore to life: to raise the dead.
- to stir up: to raise a rebellion with stirring speeches.
- to give vigor to; animate: The news raised his spirits.
- to advance in rank or position: to raise someone to the peerage.
- to assemble or collect: to raise an army; to raise money for a charity.
- to increase the height or vertical measurement of: The blocks raise the table three inches.
- to increase in degree, intensity, pitch, or force: to raise the volume of a radio.
- to utter (a cry, shout, etc.) in a loud voice.
- to cause (the voice) to be heard: to raise one’s voice in opposition.
- to cause (dough or bread) to rise by expansion and become light, as by the use of yeast.
- to increase in amount: to raise rents; to raise salaries.
- to increase (the value or price) of a commodity, stock, bond, etc.
- to increase (another player’s bet).
- to bet at a higher level than (a preceding bettor).
- Bridge. to increase (the bid for a contract) by repeating one’s partner’s bid at a higher level.
- Phonetics. to alter the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue closer to the palate: The vowel in “pen” is raised to (i) in some dialects.
- to increase the amount specified in (a check, money order, or the like) by fraudulent alteration.
- Military. to end (a siege) by withdrawing the besieging forces or by compelling the besieging forces to withdraw.
- to cause (something) to rise above the visible horizon by approaching it.
- to come in sight of (land, a whale, etc.).
- to establish communication with by radio: The radioman was able to raise shore headquarters after three tries.
- Mining. to excavate (an opening) upward from a level below.
verb (used without object), raised, rais·ing.
- to be able to be lifted or pulled up: The window raises easily.
- (in cards, poker, etc.) to increase a previous bet or bid: My cards weren’t good enough to let me raise.
- an increase in amount, as of wages: a raise in pay.
- the amount of such an increase: His raise was five dollars.
- a raising, lifting, etc.: a raise in spirits.
- a raised or ascending place; rise.
- Mining. a shaft excavated upward from below.Compare winze1.
- raise Cain. Cain1(def 3).
- transformational grammar a rule that moves a constituent from an embedded clause into the main clauseSee also subject-raising, negative-raising
verb (mainly tr)
- to move, cause to move, or elevate to a higher position or level; lift
- to set or place in an upright position
- to construct, build, or erectto raise a barn
- to increase in amount, size, value, etcto raise prices
- to increase in degree, strength, intensity, etcto raise one’s voice
- to advance in rank or status; promote
- to arouse or awaken from or as if from sleep or death
- to stir up or incite; activateto raise a mutiny
- raise Cain, raise the devil, raise hell or raise the roof
- to create a boisterous disturbance
- to react or protest heatedly
- to give rise to; cause or provoketo raise a smile
- to put forward for considerationto raise a question
- to cause to assemble or gather together; collectto raise an army
- to grow or cause to growto raise a crop
- to bring up; rearto raise a family
- to cause to be heard or known; utter or expressto raise a shout; to raise a protest
- to bring to an end; removeto raise a siege; raise a ban
- to cause (dough, bread, etc) to rise, as by the addition of yeast
- poker to bet more than (the previous player)
- bridge to bid (one’s partner’s suit) at a higher level
- nautical to cause (something) to seem to rise above the horizon by approachingwe raised land after 20 days
- to establish radio communications withwe managed to raise Moscow last night
- to obtain (money, funds, capital, etc)
- to bring (a surface, a design, etc) into relief; cause to project
- to cause (a blister, welt, etc) to form on the skin, to expel (phlegm) by coughing
- phonetics to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue closer to the roof of the mouth
- maths to multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times8 is 2 raised to the power 3
- to institute (a suit or action at law)
- to draw up (a summons)
- mainly US and Canadian to increase the amount payable on (a cheque, money order, etc) fraudulently
- curling to push (a stone) towards the tee with another stone
- raise an eyebrow
- Also: raise one’s eyebrowsto look quizzical or surprised
- to give rise to doubt or disapproval
- raise one’s glass to to drink the health of; drink a toast to
- raise one’s hat old-fashioned to take one’s hat briefly off one’s head as a greeting or mark of respect
- the act or an instance of raising
- mainly US and Canadian an increase, esp in salary, wages, etc; rise
mid-14c., “an act of elevating,” verbal noun from raise (v.). Specifically in American English, “the erecting of a building,” by 1650s.
RAISING. In New England and the Northern States, the operation or work of setting up the frame of a building. [Webster, 1830]
c.1200, “cause a rising of; lift upright, set upright; build, construct,” from a Scandinavian source, e.g. Old Norse reisa “to raise,” from Proto-Germanic *raizjan (cf. Gothic ur-raisjan, Old English ræran “to rear;” see rear (v.)), causative of root *ris- “to rise” (see rise (v.)). At first sharing many senses with native rear (v.).
Meaning “make higher” is from c.1300 in the physical sense, as is that of “restore to life.” Of the voice, from late 14c. Meaning “increase the amount of” is from c.1500; from 1530s of prices, etc. Meaning “to bring up” (a question, etc.) is from 1640s. Card-playing sense is from 1821. Meaning “promote the growth of” (plants, etc.) is from 1660s; sense of “foster, rear, bring up” (of children) is from 1744. Meaning “to elevate” (the consciousness) is from 1970. Related: Raised; raising.
Pickering (1816) has a long passage on the use of raise and grow in reference to crops. He writes that in the U.S. raise is used of persons, in the sense “brought up,” but it is “never thus used in the Northern States. Bartlett  adds that it “is applied in the Southern States to the breeding of negroes. It is sometimes heard at the North among the illiterate; as ‘I was raised in Connecticut,’ meaning brought up there.”
“act of raising or lifting,” 1530s, from raise (v.). Meaning “an increase in amount or value” is from 1728. Meaning “increase in salary or wages” is from 1898, chiefly American English (British preferring rise). Earliest attested use (c.1500) is in obsolete sense of “a levy.”
In addition to the idioms beginning with raise
- raise a hand against
- raise an objection
- raise a stink
- raise Cain
- raise eyebrows
- raise havoc
- raise hell
- raise one’s hackles
- raise one’s sights
- raise one’s voice
- raise the ante
- raise the curtain
- raise the devil
- raise the roof
- cause raised eyebrows
- curtain raiser
- make (raise) a stink
- play (raise) havoc