verb (used with object)

  1. to buy or pay off; clear by payment: to redeem a mortgage.
  2. to buy back, as after a tax sale or a mortgage foreclosure.
  3. to recover (something pledged or mortgaged) by payment or other satisfaction: to redeem a pawned watch.
  4. to exchange (bonds, trading stamps, etc.) for money or goods.
  5. to convert (paper money) into specie.
  6. to discharge or fulfill (a pledge, promise, etc.).
  7. to make up for; make amends for; offset (some fault, shortcoming, etc.): His bravery redeemed his youthful idleness.
  8. to obtain the release or restoration of, as from captivity, by paying a ransom.
  9. Theology. to deliver from sin and its consequences by means of a sacrifice offered for the sinner.

verb (tr)

  1. to recover possession or ownership of by payment of a price or service; regain
  2. to convert (bonds, shares, etc) into cash
  3. to pay off (a promissory note, loan, etc)
  4. to recover (something pledged, mortgaged, or pawned)
  5. to convert (paper money) into bullion or specie
  6. to fulfil (a promise, pledge, etc)
  7. to exchange (trading stamps, coupons, etc) for goods
  8. to reinstate in someone’s estimation or good opinion; restore to favourhe redeemed himself by his altruistic action
  9. to make amends for
  10. to recover from captivity, esp by a money payment
  11. Christianity (of Christ as Saviour) to free (mankind) from sin by his death on the Cross

early 15c., “buy back, ransom,” from Middle French redemer “buy back,” from Latin redimere (see redemption). Theological sense of “deliver from sin and spiritual death” is from c.1500. Meaning “make amends for” is from 1520s. Sense of “make good” (a promise, obligation, etc.) is from 1840. Related: Redeemed; redeeming.

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