verb (used without object)
- to give up an office or position, often formally (often followed by from): to resign from the presidency.
- to submit; yield: to resign before the inevitable.
verb (used with object)
- to give up (an office, position, etc.), often formally.
- to relinquish (a right, claim, agreement, etc.).
- to give or sign over, as to the control or care of another: She resigned her child to an adoption agency.
- to submit (oneself, one’s mind, etc.) without resistance.
- (when intr , often foll by from) to give up tenure of (a job, office, etc)
- (tr) to reconcile (oneself) to; yieldto resign oneself to death
- (tr) to give up (a right, claim, etc); relinquishhe resigned his claim to the throne
late 14c., “give up, surrender, abandon, submit; relinquish,” from Old French resigner “renounce, relinquish” (13c.), from Latin resignare “to check off, annul, cancel, give back, give up,” from re- “opposite” (see re-) + signare “to make an entry in an account book,” literally “to mark” (see sign (v.)).
The sense is of making an entry (signum) “opposite” — on the credit side — balancing the former mark and thus canceling the claim it represents. The specific meaning of “give up a position” is first recorded late 14c. Sense of “to give (oneself) up to some emotion or situation” is from 1718. Related: Resigned; resigning.